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Rwanda 20 years on: Genocide Project

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Laura Halliday

on 26 June 2018

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Transcript of Rwanda 20 years on: Genocide Project

The West's post-Holocaust pledge that genocide would never again be tolerated proved to be hollow, and for all the fine sentiments inspired by the memory of Auschwitz, the problem remains that denouncing evil is a far cry from doing good.”
― Philip Gourevitch, We Wish to Inform You That Tomorrow We Will Be Killed With Our Families
Genocide in Rwanda: A Timeline of Events 1994 - 2016
There is major concern that genocide is taking place as we speak across the modern world in various regions
In Iraq and Syria there have been widely documented acts of genocide. The Syrian state and numerous other groups have committed acts of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.
In Myanmar...
In Northern Iraq...
The organisation 'Genocide Watch' warns that...
$1.25
Monday, June 17, 2018
Vol XCIII, No. 311
The failure of international community to respond to genocide in Rwanda is well documented...
The International Community's Respond to Genocide
Many commentators have criticised the United Nations and the wider international community for their failures during the Rwandan genocide...
During the genocide the UN failed to...

France and Belgium were both heavily criticised individually for their roles in Rwanda...

Since the genocide in Rwanda the United Nations has admitted...

In recent years, acts of genocide have continued to take place across the world and the wider international community has tried to respond in a number of ways....

There have been many criticisms of the response of the international community to genocide in the world today...

Unfortunately the UN has been unable to prevent genocide taking place in recent years....











Genocide Watch
Genocide: A definition

1. Introductory Section
Definition of genocide and stages of genocide (You may want to highlight acts of genocide in a historical context)
Case Study:
Background to the crisis in Rwanda in 1994
What were the underlying causes of the genocide?
Description of events leading up to/ during/ following the genocide?
Include the failures of the UN and other international players
An assessment of response of the country’s government or countries’ governments in the years that followed to prevent another genocide in Rwanda or neighbouring countries
How have the Rwandan Government tried to prevent further acts of genocide in Rwanda?
How successful has this response been?
How does the response of Rwanda's Government compare to the response of other actors?

2. Response to genocide in the world up to present day
Give examples of acts of genocide in the world today
How has the international community responded to similar crises in the world today? Make an assessment of the response of the international community with reference to the following if they have been involved:
o United Nations
o UN Agencies
o NATO members
o NGOs
You can compare and contrast the responses of different agencies and to different crises in the world today and you can also draw comparisons with the response to the Rwandan genocide by international actors
You must mention 2 recent examples of genocide in the world today in addition to Rwanda in the 1990s
e.g Myanmar/ Yazidi

3. Overall conclusions or recommendations
Overall conclusions or recommendations you would make about how the international community should respond
Editorial team task:
In groups of 2 or 3 you will work as an editorial team to edit and improve the rough draft of your article and the articles of the other team members.

Use the sheets provided by your teachers in order to give constructive feedback on each learning outcome on the checklist.


The aim is that next week every class member will be able to hand in an EXCELLENT news article to the teacher
The Causes of the Genocide ...



Who planned and orchestrated the events and why?





Rwandan governments have made unity and reconciliation their major goal since the genocide with the aim of preventing such a terrible event taking place again...
Overview of the Rwandan genocide
Assess the Response of Rwandan Governments since 1994

There Rwandan Government has taken some successful steps to prevent genocide taking place ever again



However,



Overall,
Genocide in the world today
'In recent months, media coverage of Myanmar has focused on the plight of the Rohingya people in the west of the country.
Since August 2017, brutal army attacks on this Muslim ethnic minority have sent more than 750,000 people — 90 percent of the Rohingya population living in Rakhine state — fleeing over the border to Bangladesh, in what can only be described as a coordinated campaign of genocide.'

http://foreignpolicy.com/2018/04/09/first-they-came-for-the-rohingya-myanmar-genocide-war-human-rights/
Foreign Policy, April 2018
Case Study 2: Rohingya Myanmar
'Tens of thousands of people have also been displaced by violence in Myanmar’s northernmost Kachin state. A war between the central government in Yangon and the Kachin Independence Organization (KIO) has been raging since the withdrawal of the British empire in 1948.

The state military, known as the Tatmadaw, ended the long-lasting ceasefire between the two in 2011, reigniting conflict with the Kachin Independence Army (KIA).

Forced disappearance, murder, detention, and systematic rape are all alleged tactics of the Tatmadaw in their program of counterinsurgency. This extends beyond Kachin into the neighboring Shan state, and the more recently publicised atrocities in Rakhine state in the west.

As mass graves continue to be discovered in Rakhine, the world’s attention is pointedly fixed on the 688,000 Rohingya refugees who have crossed the border into Bangladesh since the latest outbreak of violence in August 2017. But 700 kilometers northeast of the Bangladesh border, another crisis continues to rage amid international silence.'
Beyond the Rohingya: Myanmar’s Other Crises
By Gavin Kelleher
The Diplomat
February 08, 2018
https://thediplomat.com/2018/02/beyond-the-rohingya-myanmars-other-crises/

Case Study 3: Kachin State Myanmar
Case Study 4: The Yazidi People
Almost 10,000 Yazidis are reported to have been ‘killed or kidnapped in Isis genocide but true scale of horror may never be known.

More than 3,000 people were executed out of a total of 10,000 killed in matter of days in 2014, a new study finds, with scores of people forced into sex slavery and conversions

Lizzie Dearden
Tuesday 9 May 2017
The Independent Newspaper

https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/isis-islamic-state-yazidi-sex-slaves-genocide-sinjar-death-toll-number-kidnapped-study-un-lse-a7726991.html

10 Facts about the genocide - Use with caution
https://borgenproject.org/genocide-of-yazidis-by-isil/

Extensive research will be done under the following headings:
Headings for research
Location
Rwanda


Myanmar
Rohingya


Myanmar
Kachin


Yazidi
Iraq


Other


Underlying
Causes
Evidence of
genocide
Response of
international
community
Draw Comparisons
Sources
consulted
What is happening in Iraq?


Newsround 2016

Take notes as you watch the series of videos using the table you have drawn up

http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsround/27868389
Individual world powers have also bee heavily criticised for their inaction against groups committing acts of genocide...


NGOs have been heavily involved in trying to support groups targeted in acts of genocide...


However,


The international community should act decisively to enure that there is intervention to end genocide across the world today...
Optional extra video

25 minute extension
Gaza Strip
Myanmar
UN Response
to Rwanda

Yazidi Genocide
Full transcript