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Regional & Social Variation
Transcript of Regional & Social Variation
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Pride and Prejudice of a Dialect
Where is it going?
Stephen Kapala & Aven Yam
EDUC 571 Fall 2015
A geographical variety of a language distinguished by pronunciation, grammar, or vocabulary, especially a variety of speech differing from the standard literary language or speech pattern of the culture in which it exists.
The first person who types his/her most similar cities in the chat box will win a prize.
A variety of language in relation to social factors such as, region, socioeconomic status, bilingualism, gender and occupational dialect.
Variety creates biases.
Languages and dialects are politically, and socially constructed.
People have pride in their own unique dialect, however, there is also negative stereotypes associated with dialects.
Dialects are grammatically sound and not perversions of a "standard" way of speaking.
Linguists are examining these prejudices and examining non-standard dialects as vibrant, rule governed forms of language.
How Do You Say It?
Regional Variation Map
Hoffman, J. (2013); Quenqua, D. (2012)
Regional Accent and Perception of Level of Education
Gender Language Stereotyping
Studies have shown that whether you are from the North or South, a Southern twang pegs the speaker as comparatively dimwitted, but also likely to be a nicer person than folks who speak like a Yankee. Stereotypes based on accent are deep rooted and they have profound consequences (Fields, 2012).
Stupid girl speech or is it?
The "NPR Voice'
Wayne, T. (2015)
Attitudes of Native and Nonnative Speakers Towards Selected Regional Accents of US English
According to Alford, et. al (1990), the statistical analyses conducted show that L2 speakers of English are able to detect regional accent differences in U.S. English. The subjective ratings of characteristics of each of the regional groups also show that L2 speakers are able to rate their perceptions of a speaker’s favorableness (characteristic by characteristic) based primarily on pronunciation variations separate from native speakers’ regional cultural biases.
Why Do Southern Drawls Sound Uneducated To Some? Study Suggests Media Exposure Plays Role
Preference for the sound of local language is established at birth according to what the fetus hears as its auditory nervous system is developing, but stereotypes based on accents, whether a regional English accent or a foreign accent, are learned in childhood. The subtle attitudes we attach to accents have a profound impact on others, and on ourselves (Fields, 2012).
Whose English Counts? Native Speakers as English Language Learners
We can support fluency in several Englishes—dialects are
valid forms of language to be worked with; they are not deficits.
Learners do not need to give up who they are to learn additional
varieties, nor does nondominant English usage need to hamper
fluency in and ownership of SAE. When learners are proficient in
dominant and nondominant Englishes, they are no longer at the
mercy of someone else’s definition of English (Gill, 2010).