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Pacific Theatre of WWII

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Kary Brunnert

on 8 April 2013

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Transcript of Pacific Theatre of WWII

Pacific
Theatre
1937-1945
or
1941-1945 Japan Invades Manchuria Date: 1931

Key People: Japan VS China

Purpose: Japan wants land, so it invades Manchuria, the north-eastern part of China.

Outcome: Japan gets more land. Japan Invades China and Nanking Date: 1937

Key People: Japan VS China

Purpose: To get more land.

Outcome: Japan invades China and this leads to the torturing and killing of hundreds of thousands of Chinese civilians. This horrible atrocity is known as the Rape of Nanking! Japan Invades Vietnam Date: 1941

Key People: Japan VS Vietnamese

Purpose: To get more land.

Outcome: Japan gets Vietnam. Pearl Harbor Date: December 7, 1941

Key People: Japan VS U.S.

Purpose: To destroy the U.S. fleet which was located at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, and to make sure the U.S. would NOT enter WWII

Outcome: U.S. enters WWII. Island hopping was a strategy used in the Pacific during World War II. It involved a leapfrogging movement of forces from one strategic island to the next. This strategy was used by the United States when they were trying to regain islands Japan had taken. Japan Advances on Major Islands Date: After Pearl Harbor and into beginning of 1942

Key People: Japan VS Smaller islands in the Pacific, like Guam and the Philippines.

Purpose: Japan invades and takes over land and resources all over the Pacific.

Outcome: Successful! Japan took control of 7 additional areas in the Pacific Ocean. Battle of the Philippines #1
(Bataan Death March) Date: March 1942

Key People: Japan VS U.S. & Philippines

Purpose: U.S. owned the Philippines back from the days of the Age of Imperialism, so after the Japanese invaded it the U.S. came to defend it.

Outcome: U.S. LOST, and the U.S. left many of its soldiers behind on the island. The soldiers were made POWs, made to march through the jungles, and put in concentration camps. Doolittle Raids Date: April 1942

Key People: Japan VS U.S.

Purpose: U.S. began to bomb Tokyo to destroy Japanese morale.

Outcome: Destroyed large parts of Tokyo. Battle of Coral Sea Date: May 1942

Key People: Japan VS U.S.

Purpose: To prevent Japan from taking over more land in the southern part of the Pacific, especially Australia.

Outcome: First U.S. win! Battle of Midway Date: June 1942

Key People: Japan VS U.S.

Purpose: The U.S. found out by cracking the Japanese naval code that the Japanese were going to invade Midway Island. So the U.S. surprised them!

Outcome: Turning point for the U.S. Japanese fleet was no longer better than the U.S.’s after this. Japan lost every battle after this. Battle of Guadalcanal Date: February 1943

Key People: Japan VS U.S.

Purpose: The U.S. invade Guadalcanal. This is the point where the U.S. goes on the offensive for the first time.

Outcome: Successful! This is the start of “Island Hopping”  A military strategy that … Battle of the Philippines #2
(Battle of Leyte Gulf) Date: October 1944

Key People: Japan VS U.S.




Purpose: The U.S. went back to the Philippines to regain the Philippines back, since the U.S. had lost it early on in the war.

Outcome: U.S. wins!
The start of the use of Kamikaze pilots.
Largest Naval Battle in world history.
Last clash of the big battle ships. Battle of Iwo Jima Date: Feb.- March 1945

Key People: Japan VS U.S.

Purpose: Iwo Jima was a major base for the Japanese.One of the last islands left we needed to take before attacking the Island of Japan. It was very close to Japan.


Famous picture: Raising of the Flag Battle of Okinawa Date: April 1,1945, Easter Sunday to June

Key People: Japan VS U.S.

Purpose: Okinawa was a smaller island right next to the mainland of Japan.We could use it as a base in order to invade Japan. Atomic Bombs Date:
Hiroshima: August 6, 1945
Nagasaki: August 9, 1945

Key People: Japan VS U.S.

Purpose: To scare Japan to make them unconditionally surrender [Surrender with no say in the conditions].

Outcome: After 2 atomic bombs and the death of so many people, Japan surrendered to the U.S. unconditionally. World War II
Ends! Bataan Death March After the April 9,1942, US surrender of the Bataan Peninsula on the Philippine island of Luzon to the Japanese during WWII, the 75,000 Filipino and American soldiers that were captured were forced to march 65 miles to prison camps. These soldiers had to march through intense heat and harsh treatment from the Japanese guards. Thousands died on this march which became known as the Bataan Death March. The captured soldiers were divided into groups of around 100 and it typically took each group around 5 days to complete. Outcome: The US responded by invading the island of Leyte in October 1944. In February 1945, US-Filipino forces recaptured the Bataan Peninsula. This was the route of the march. On January 28, 1945, 121hand-selected US troops slipped behind enemy lines in the Philippines. Their mission was to march 30 miles to rescue 513 POWs being held in the prison camps. Among these POWs were the last survivors of the Bataan Death March. "Ghost Soldiers" tells the story of the prisoners, the Ranger unit performing the raid, and the Filipino guerrilla forces who assisted the Rangers. There was very little time to plan the raid because the Japanese were making and carrying out plans to massacre all the POWs they were holding. On April 18, 1942, 16 American B-25 bombers, launched from an aircraft carrier, the USS Hornet, 650 miles east of Japan. These planes were led by Lieutenant Colonel James Doolittle and the purpose was to attack the Japanese mainland. Shows the battles of Midway, Pearl Harbor, and Coral Sea. This map shows how the Allies hopped from one island to the next, trying to defeat Japan. During the first half of 1942, Japan had captured islands, established bases, and cut off most of the supply lines to U.S. allies. Guadalcanal had an airfield which made it a key piece in the Japanese effort to spread their power all across the South Pacific. A U.S. Admiral came up with the plan to take the offensive. This operation became known as Operation Watchtower. This battle began exactly 8 months after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. The fight for Guadalcanal would last for 6 months. During the campaign around 31,000 Japanese and 7,100 Allied troops died. The Japanese had been halted and for the rest of the war, Japanese forces would be steadily pushed back. Leyte Gulf was the largest naval battle in modern history. It lasted from October 23-26, 1944 and it basically ended the Japanese Navy's ability to fight as one large force anymore. This battle used every weapon every known weapon of naval war, except mines. The Battle of Leyte Gulf also saw the first attacks by Kamikaze planes. On October 25, 1944, five planes swooped down upon escort carriers of the US Seventh Fleet. 5 million German soldiers surrendered to the Allies in Europe. In the Pacific, less than 5% of the Japanese forces surrendered. They considered it a disgrace to their families, and instead fought to the death.

These pilots needed little training - a take-off. These pilots used their planes as human missiles, purposely flying their planes into ships. They were called kamikazes, or "divine wind" because in 1274 and 1281, Japan had been saved from Kublai Khan's invasion fleet because of typhoons. The winds during these typhoons had saved Japan.

The idea was that the civilians at home would be inspired, and the enemy would be terrified. Kamikaze pilots were often university students, who didn't want to disappoint their family and country and wanted to show their pride in both. They prepared for their missions with ceremonies, at which they wrote farewell poems and they got a "thousand stitch belt" - cloth on which 1,000 women had sewn a stitch to symbolize their unity with the pilot. The most effective use of kamikazes was in the battle of Okinawa. Up to 300 aircraft dove all at once at the Allied fleet. One destroyer was attacked by 20 planes at once. By the end of the war, kamikazes had sunk or damaged more than 300 US ships, causing 15,000 casualties. Outcome: U.S. won! It was this battle which inspired the iconic picture of Americans raising the flag over Mount Suribachi. Outcome: U.S. beat Japan, but they still would not surrender. It was the last land battle of WWII. This was the last and biggest Pacific battle of WWII. It involved 287,000 US troops and 130,000 Japanese soldiers. Around 8:15 am on August 6, 1945, a US bomber dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, killing around 80,000 people instantly. On August 9, 1945, the second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, killing 40,000 more people. In the months following the attack, around 100,000 more people died because of radiation poisoning. After the two atomic bombs were dropped, Japan surrendered unconditionally to the Allied Forces. December 7, 1941, a date which will live in infamy.
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