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Transcript of Stress
Feldman, Robert S. Understanding Stress. New York: F. Watts, 1992. Print. General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) Distress/ Burnout Astress/ Boredom Optimal Yerkes-Dodson Law
Arousal Situations we can’t control are more likely to produce stress than situations we can control.
Unpredictable circumstances produce greater stress than circumstances that are predicted.
Unscheduled events produce greater stress than scheduled events.
Circumstances that are unclear and vague produce more stress than circumstances that are clear-cut. What Produces Stress? Bibliography Stress-Related Illness Stomach problems & Ulcers
High Blood Pressure
Eating Disorders: Anorexia Nervosa & Bulimia
Mental disorder How Does Stress Cause Illness? Shelley Taylor, a psychologist who specializes in health issues, theorized three possibilities about the relationship between stress and illness:
Physical decline directly in the body
The usual symptom caused by stress is being tired, but if nothing is done to reduce the stress then the immune system will have trouble fighting off germs thus will result in becoming sick.
Combination with other physical weakness that already exists
Stress by itself doesn't produce illness, but helps bring it on in people who are already physically weakened
Change in health habits
Stress leads people to behave in a less healthy way. This unhealthy behavior causes illness Alarm and Mobilization Resistance Exhaustion Become aware of a threat or stressor Regardless of different kind of stress, the body will react the same, energizing the pituitary gland and adrenal cortex hormonal system.
Cells of the adrenal cortex release certain chemicals into the blood that leave the cortex deprived of that chemical.
May lead to symptoms: sores in the stomach or problems of the blood circulation system, and the body becomes vulnerable to a host of diseases The body actively attempts to fight off or deal with the stressor. stressors: events or situations that produce stress appraisal: interpretation of an event that makes it stressful or not stressful stress: a response to circumstances that seem threatening or challenging The body reacts reversely from alarm stage, so instead of the adrenal cortex releasing chemicals, it stores the chemicals.
Goal: confront the challenge raised by the stressor
If successful, you could learn to adapt to the stressor, and it becomes less threatening
If not successful and continue to strain yourself physically and psychologically then you reach the third stage: exhaustion Facing long-term stressors Worn-out and loss of physical energy to fight the stressor, and resistance is no longer possible, which usually results in physical illness. This graph shows physical reaction to stressors developed by Hans Selye (father of stress research). He believed physical and psychological stresses trigger the same kinds of responses "give up" Stressful Lack of Sleep What lack of sleep can do to you:
activity of sympathetic nervous system increases
decreases ability to learn
impair abstract thinking, creativity, mental sharpness, decision making, and problem solving
moody and irritable
impair immune system (makes you more prone to illness) All the people who just don't do work and sleep late will most likely not do anything to improve themselves even with all these bad things listed down. Cope with stress
Defense Mechanism (6 major defense mechanisms)
Repression - pushing tress-related thoughts or feelings into the unconscious
Suppression - consciously trying to forget unpleasant thoughts
Displacement - shifting negative feelings or thoughts about a powerful, threatening person onto a weaker person
Rationalization - distorting the facts about things that happen in order to justify them
Fantasy - imagining events and achievements
Regression - behaving as one did during an earlier stage of life
Concentrate on a noise or object becoming aware of nothing else
control internal biological processes such as headaches and pain
effective way of dealing with stress
Relaxation and Sleep