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Violence Against Women

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Anna Kolodub

on 30 July 2014

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Transcript of Violence Against Women

Public Health Nursing
Bulletin Board
lobal Health Problem

- WHO Definition
‘“Violence against women” is any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or mental harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life.”

Anna Kolodub
Arin Alkanani
Dorothy Urbanavage
Brian Wonderly
- United Nations Secretary General, Ban Ki-Moon
"There is one universal truth, applicable to all countries, cultures, and communities: Violence against women is never acceptable, never excusable, never tolerable"
Types of Violence
VAW Occurs worldwide, but prevalence varies from country to country and within countries
Studies from diverse countries showed 15-71% of women aged 15-49 experienced intimate partner violence in their lifetime.

-WHO multi-country analysis

Provide comprehensive health services

Collect data about prevalence, risk factors, and health consequences

Promote policies to address VAW

Prevent violence by fostering and informing prevention programs

Advocate for the recognition of VAW as a public health problem and global problem

Pandemic Worldwide
***The most common
South Africa
Intimate partner violence accounts for between 40-70% of female murder victims
United States
More than 64 million girls worldwide are child brides

46% of women aged 20–24 in South Asia and 41% in West and Central Africa reported being married before 18 years old

Child marriage resulting in early and unwanted pregnancies poses life-threatening risks for adolescent girls

Worldwide, pregnancy-related complications are the leading cause of death for 15-to-19-year-old girls
West & Central
South Asia
83% of girls aged 12 to 16 have experienced some form of sexual harassment in public schools

Women are already 2-4 times more likely than men to become infected with HIV during intercourse.

Forced sex/rape increases this risk when condoms are not used

11.8% of new HIV infections among women > 20 yrs old in 2013 is attributed to intimate partner violence
Financial Burden of VAW

5.8 billion in United States annual costs 2003

38.9 billion USD in England and Wales 2004

12.8 billion USD in Australia per year
Increased health cost

Communicable diseases & increase in outbreaks

Increased judicial system costs

Increase in crime rate
Goes Beyond the Home...
Adults who grew up around violence are more likely to:

Become perpetrator

Experience intimate partner violence in the future
Effect on Family
Children more likely to be abused, not receive medical care, and have behavioral, emotional, & problems at school

Adolescents are more likely to use alcohol, drugs, smoke, and have unsafe sex

Effect on Victim
Acute injuries, possibly leading to long-term health complications

Sexual and Reproductive
Unintended pregnancies, induced abortions, STI , HIV, UTI

Depression, Post-traumatic stress disorder, sleeping/eating disorders

Alcohol and substance abuse
Multiple sex partners & choosing abusive partners later in life
Why is this a GLOBAL Problem
Contributing Factors
Social & Cultural Norms Supporting VAW
A man has a right to assert power over a woman and is considered socially superior

A man has a right to physically discipline a woman for “incorrect” behavior

Physical violence is an acceptable way to resolve conflict in a relationship

Sexual intercourse is a man’s right in marriage

A woman should tolerate violence in order to keep her family together

There are times when a woman deserves to be beaten

Sexual activity – including rape, is a marker of masculinity

Girls are responsible for controlling a man’s sexual urges

Empowering women and girls through integrated multi-sectoral approaches

Transforming cultural and social norms related to gender

Integrating violence against women and HIV services

Promoting and implementing laws and policies related to violence against women, gender equality, and HIV
16 Program Ideas Wheel to
Violence Against Women
Media Support
Public Health Nurses are
Players in Preventing & Responding to Violence Against Women
Presentation By:

Pandemic of Diverse Forms
VAW is
Social Services
Local government
Criminal justice, policy, & security
Needs to be addressed in a Multi-factorial level
Involve multiple sectors of society
Full transcript