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CHINA

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Julienne Manalo

on 12 June 2015

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Transcript of CHINA

CHINA
History
China has one of the oldest ancient civilizations in the world, with records dating back 5,000 years ago. China started out as a bunch of small tribes before it grew and became the amazing country that it is today. In its 5,000 year history, the country has fought in hundreds of wars. It has conquered many of its neighboring countries and other countries had conquered them in return. China is also where gunpowder, silk, paper and other things were invented. Up until 1911, the country was full of empires and kingdoms and were ruled by emperors. After the last emperor was overthrown in 1911, there were power struggles between warlords, which lead to the Chinese civil war. But the Japanese invasion during World War II had interrupted the civil war. Finally, in 1947, the Communist Peoples Liberation Army won and with its leader Mao Zedong, China became the "Peoples' Republic of China". Even now, the country is still under communist rule. There are still many well- known pieces of history you can see today such the Great Wall of China and the Terra Cotta warriors. Many religions were practiced in China, with the most being are Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism, and Christianity as well as folk and indigenous religions such as Confucianism. Although at least 15% of Chinese citizens were confirmed to be Atheist.

Landscape and Climate
Agriculture
Agriculture is an important economical sector, because most of China's economy depends on it, as well as creating at least 300 million jobs. Many kinds of crops are grown in China but it sometimes areas depend on certain types of crops more than others. For example, rice is China's most important crop, but it is even more important in the southern provinces while the wheat crop is important in north China. The country is also the world's leading producer of pigs, chickens and eggs. Other important crops are potatoes, sugarbeets and oil seeds.
Chinese Food and Culture
About China
Its official name is the“Peoples' Republic of China". Located in East Asia, China is the fourth largest country in the world based on area. But with the population of at least 1.3 billion people, China has the largest population on earth. Its capital city is Beijing and the official language is Mandarin. Although other languages such as Cantonese, Taiwanese, etc, are spoken in some areas. It's bordered by many other countries such as Mongolia to the north; Afghanistan, India, and Nepal to the west and southwest; and Vietnam and Thailand to the south. Across the seas to the east is the Republic of Korea, Japan, the Philippines, and others. China has a very rich culture with thousands of years of history, traditions, and foods.

Since China is such a large country, the climates would vary depending on where you are. Areas can have a variety of temperatures and rainfall, and even continental monsoon areas in some. For example, many areas have cold, dry winters, and hot, rainy, summers. There are five temperature zones that can be found in China; They are the cold-temperate zone, mid-temperate zone, warm-temperate zone, subtropical zone, and the tropical zone.

China's landscape varies as much as its climate. There's the Gobi desert in the west, and the Himalayan mountains that bordered China and Nepal is home to the famous Mount Everest. There is also many rivers flowing through the country, with the most popular being the Yangtze and the Yellow River.



Popular Dishes
Famous Chefs
Local/Staple Ingredients
Drinks
Holiday
Traditions
Meal Composition
China is full of amazing tourist attractions, and on of them is the food. Cuisine is one important part of Chinese culture. Chinese dishes are famous for its taste, colour and appearance. Some of the most popular dishes are:

*Gong Bao Chicken: Diced chicken with dried chili and fried peanuts.

*Dumplings: Meat and vegetables wrapped into a thin piece of dough skin.

*Chow Mien: Stir-fried noodles.
There are many famous Chinese chefs but are not well-known because they refuse to be in the spotlight and tend to avoid any kind of exposure. They do because of their thinking; be humble. Although some of the most famous chefs are:
*Joyce Chen
*Ming Tsai
*Martin Yan
There are many ingredients in Chinese recipes that can be found either in China or just Asia in general. Some of its most popular local ingredients are:

*Rice: It is the core of every Chinese meal.

*Ginger: It is also used for traditional medicine as well.

*Soy bean sprouts: Can be eaten raw and is very popular in stir-fried dishes.

*Bok Choy: Also known as Chinese mustard.

In its history, Chinese tea was considered as an art and required sampling. But now it is the national drink. The tea is made with various kinds of herbs and other plants. To a Chinese, tea is an art and a culture. It is from China were tea was directly or indirectly introduced to the rest of the world. China proudly refers itself as the hometown of tea.
The holidays in China are an important part of its history and culture. Almost every holiday/festival that is celebrated in China has its own unique customs and origins that is reflected on the people.

Celebrations include:
*Chinese New Year:Setting-off firecrackers and fireworks
*Dragon Boat Festival: Activities include dragon boat racing.
*Winter Solstice: Having dumplings and sticky puddings while celebrating the shortest day of the year.

Chopsticks plays the most important role in Chinese cuisine culture. Chinese people have used it as the main tableware since ancient times. Chopsticks can be made of different materials, such as ivory, bronze, gold, silver, wood or bamboo. But sliver chopsticks were very effective because it could be used as the detection of poison in food. Today, wood or bamboo chopsticks are the most popular in Chinese daily life. As for the food itself there would be a lot prepare, especially for guests. The dishes in the middle of the table are to be shared by all. This custom is one example of the importance of food in Chinese civilization: it is the cooked dishes, rather than other decorations, that serve as centerpieces on a Chinese table; food is frequently the main topic of a dinner conversation.
Sources
Ingredients and work space
Cutting up imitation crab.
Spooning the cream cheese and 'crab' mixture on the wonton wrappers.
Forming the little crab ragoon bites.
Finished making the food.
Is it enough?
Frying the pieces until a golden brown color.
Finished product. Looks delicious!
Crab Ragoon
from China
Ingredients:
*Wonton wrappers
*Imitation crab
*Cream cheese
*Sugar
*A pinch of salt

Chinese Culture: Ancient China Traditions and Customs, History, Religion. (n.d.). Retrieved June 12, 2015, from http://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/


By: Julienne Manalo
HFN10

China Country Profile - National Geographic Kids. (n.d.). Retrieved June 12, 2015, from http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/countries/china/



China Weather, climate and geography. (n.d.). Retrieved June 12, 2015, from http://www.worldtravelguide.net/china/weather-climate-geography

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