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Genetically Modified Foods: Apples

Science Project :)

Christine Lee

on 25 November 2014

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Transcript of Genetically Modified Foods: Apples

GM .
Last longer when cut - does not brown easily
Farmers don't have to spend money on fungicides to take care of apple scabs and fire blight diseases
Economic Risk
Loss of organic production and conventional growers
Possible long term effects
Unnecessary - other natural ways to reduce browning; ascorbic acid, lemon juice etc.
Pros and Cons
Reasons for modification
Bigger, Redder and Juicier; consumers prefer to buy big and red apples
Resistance to Apple Scabs and Fire Blights. There are significant losses to apples due to these diseases
Non-browning apples - they last longer when cut often referred as "Arctic Apples"
Yes to this modification
Farmers - save money on fungicides; There are thousands of losses to apples due to apple scabs and fire e blight every year, and gm apples would be resistant to these diseases, so there is no need for fungicides
A developing GM food, Apples
Development Company : Okanagan Specialty Fruits (OSF)
Has not been approved anywhere in the word
Waiting for approval in the U.S. and Canada
Still in consideration for 2015
What Is Genetically Modified Food?
Genetically Modified Food is an organism that have had their DNA altered using genetic engineering to produce certain desired effects - such as a resistance to a particular insect or weed
1973- discovered man-made DNA
1994 - hits the markets
1999 - GM food dominates
2011 - realizes potential risks of GM foods
2014 - continues to research GM food, and whether to continue or not
When did it all start?
Arctic Apples?
Arctic Apples - does not brown
Polyphenol Oxidase - gene that causes apples to turn brown
They have been modified so that they have essentially turned off the gene that causes apple to brown
Not yet been approved anywhere in the World
Would be inserted in Golden Delicious and Granny Smith Apples, possibly in Gala and Fuji Apples later on in the future
People's Opinion to this modification
Conventional VS. Arctic
http://www.cban.ca/Resources/Topics/GE-Crops-and-Foods-Not-on-the-Market/Apple :
Our Opinion
Conventional vs Arctic
Apple Scab
Fire Blight
Thank you for listening
There is an economic risk to GM apples. You can't guarantee that GM apples are safe or would still include the important traits of the apple. Would it still taste the same? Would it last longer on the shelf? Would it get bruised easily? Those questions can't be answered until a variety is planted out and that there are enough apples grown to be tested. But what if there are no economic benefits? Once it spreads, there's no going back. And when it is out, there is a huge possibility of cross pollination- thus, loss of organic production, conventional growers etc. The organic industry would collapse by the overwhelming of GM apples. Now why put the economic at risk for this one untested fruit? There are many different and safe methods to slow the browning process, such as; ascorbic acid, lemon juice, etc. We don't need genetically modified apples to fulfill our desires. They are unnecessary. There was a survey taken back in 2012, and the data shows that 69% of the Canadians don't want Arctic Apples or any kind of genetically modified apples in their supermarkets. Why is it still in consideration if more than half of the population doesn't want chemical in their apples?
Apples are an important fruit for us humans, there's also a saying "An apple a day keeps the doctors away" but now its starting to change. The genetically engineered Arctic Apple will soon enter supermarkets, school lunches, and even baby foods! These new engineered apples have not been tested independently and consumers are starting to protest about how Arctic Apples are bad for our society. We believe that if we continue this protest, Arctic Apples will stop spreading world wide until it has been cautiously tested to prove that this apple is good for us. In spite of that, Arctic Apples are not like the other genetically modified foods, the company has created a new gene called RNA?, this has raised serious concerns with the scientific community as well as consumers about health risks as the new gene enters our digestive systems.

Conventional Growers - concerned about cross pollination because apple genes are prohibited in organic farming industry, thus, if one is contaminated, it's no good to sell.
Survey of 2012 states that 69% of Canadians don't want this apple
Consumers - possible long term effects, can't guarantee they are safe. There is also a possibility that although it might not brown, instead the other traits of the apple, such as the taste and crunch, could be gone
Parents with babies - apples are usually put into baby foods, and if they are genetically modified they will be put into baby foods too, and since babies are very fragile and sensitive, this might have a huge impact on their health as they grow up, or possibly have developed an allergy
No to this modification
I'm Christine ;D
I'm Asal XD
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