Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Do you really want to delete this prezi?
Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.
Make your likes visible on Facebook?
Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.
Causes of WWI (-Dec 1913)
Transcript of Causes of WWI (-Dec 1913)
France defeated and humiliated
Challenged Anglo-French supremacy
Led to revanchist policy against Germany
Gave impression that modern wars would be quick
France later sought a Franco-Russian Alliance to contain Germany
circa 1900 - Pressure from militaristic groups and from capitalists to find new markets and sources of raw materials abroad -
led to tension as much of the world was already claimed by other European powers
- Navy used to protect trade routes and empire; economic competition from Germany and the USA
Looking for allies
- Forms Alliance with Japan
Allowed Britain to return much of her fleet from the Far - East
Heightened naval strength back in Europe Increased her presence back in Europe
Circa 1900 - considerd itself the "champion of the Slavic people”
Differed with Austria-Hungary on the Slav independence movements and the "Eastern Question" - tension
1900 - Second Naval Law passed, aiming to expand the navy
Led to Britain seeing Germany as a threat to its naval dominance
1903- King Alexander of Serbia Assassination Replaced by King Peter (wanted to reduce influence of Austria Hungary in Serbia)
Caused anxiety- Strong Serbia taking them down
Serbians related to Russia, Russia becomes a threat
Anglo-French Entente 1904
Germany sees as an act of aggression - perhaps leads to Germany getting involved in the Moroccan Crisis to prove the Entente's frailty
Moroccan Crisis (1905)
France tries to colonize Morocco.
Germany --> tries to prove the weakness of the Anglo-French alliance by demanding an international conference, thinking that Britain would not back France
1906- Humiliating defeat in the Algeçiras Conference for the Moroccan Crisis
- Germany fails: the UK fully supports France, leads to a stronger Entente with military conferences between France and Britain
- Germany also seen as primary threat
Another loss for Germany increasing tension
: Anglo-Russian entente formed, completing the triple entente
- The Second Moroccan Crisis → Germany sends gunboat
to a small port on Morocco. Britain supports France, forcing Germany to step down.
→ German public opinion was hostile to the settlement and critical of their government as it was another failure for the policy of
- The entente between Britain and France was strengthened.
- Increased tension and hostility between Germany and Britain.
1912 - Naval negotiations begin between Britain and France. →
This was caused by Germany’s behavior in Morocco. Germany had underestimated the Entente between Britain and France.
The Balkan Crisis - Main Parties Involved: Austria-Hungary, Russia, Germany
- 1912 - The First Balkan War
- Serbia, Greece and Montenegro forms a Balkan alliance
Forces Turkey from the Balkans.
Sir Edward Grey stops the war spreading through a peace conference in London.
However, Austria feels threatened and contains Serbia by creating Albania. More resentment between Serbia and Austria-Hungary arises.
- 1913 - The Second Balkan War
- A war with Bulgaria allowed Serbia to double in size. Austria - Hungary is now convinced that it needs to crush Serbia.
Serbia’s success encouraged the strong nationalist feelings within Serbia. Serbia also doubles in size and proves its military strength. Austria-Hungary now feels that it is necessary to crush Serbia.
Alate & Kim & Schweizer & Williams
- Britain agrees a commitment to the defense of France by 1913 →
Again, caused by Germany’s acts of aggression.
Germany feels surrounded with France and England to the west and Russia to the east
1908 Bosnian Crisis:
Austria moves soldiers in between Bosnia & Herzegovina. Opposed by the Serbs and by Russia; Germany backs Austria-Hungary. Russia accepts the ultimatum presented by Germany and Austria, forcing Serbia to back down
Tensions grow between Russia-Serbia and Austria-Germany. Russia defeated by backing off, embarrassing defeat. Germany just wins. Strengthened relationship between France and Russia. GB/France realize that Germany and Austria-Hungary are willing to threaten european war