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THE NECKLACE

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by

Kalyna Salyk

on 9 July 2014

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Transcript of THE NECKLACE

THE NECKLACE
Guy De Maupassant
PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH
TRADITIONAL APPROACH
FORMALISTIC APPROACH
ARCHETYPAL APPROACH
ARCHETYPAL APPROACH
ARCHETYPAL APPROACH
FEMINIST APPROACH
ID

Mathilde selfishly asking M. Loisel for a dress.
"She reflected several seconds, making her calculations and wondering what sum she could ask without drawing on herself an immediate refusal and a frightened exclamation from the economical clerk."

Mathilde lies about losing the necklace to avoid consequences.
"'You must write to your friend.' said he, 'that you have broken the clasp of her necklace and that you are having it mended. That will give us time to turn round.'"

VIDEO
PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH

EGO

M. Loisel buys the dress for his wife with his gun money.
"He had grown a little pale, because he was laying aside[400 francs] to buy a gun and treat himself [...]But he said: 'Alright. I will give you four hundred francs. And try to have a pretty dress.'"

Mme. Loisel tells Mme. Forestier the truth about what happened to the necklace.
"Mme, Loisel felt moved. Was she going to speak to [Mme. Forestier]? Yes, certainly. And now that she had paid, she was going to tell her all about [the necklace]."
In many situations it seems like lying is the best option, but often it is not; the lie may end up back firing and disappointing.

Individuals repeatedly fantasize about having a better life and do not appreciate what they are already blessed with.

Losing one's belongings leads to consequences but evidently teaches us responsibility and to be more cautious.

PATTERNS

The golden age - poverty/middle class
Metamorphosis - lifestyle change while paying off the price of the necklace
Cataracts of Heaven - realization of loss of necklace
End of childhood - loss of youth and beauty
God tempter - pressure to fit in with higher class society and trying to prevent trouble


Exposition: Mathilde is sitting in her worn-out and home thinking about her poor life style and dreaming of luxuries and comfort the she believes she deserves.
Rising Action: Mathildes husband gets an invitation to an exclusive party, but Mathilde is upset because she has nothing to wear and doesn't want to embarrass herself in front of all the rich people. Her husband gives her money and she borrows a necklace from her friend. The two set off for the party.
Conflict: Mathilde comes home from the party in a rush and realizes that she has lost the diamond necklace.
Climax: Mathilde losses the necklace and must now replace it with another for 34 thousand francs
Falling Action: After 10 years of hard work Mathilde and her husband are finally able to pay off he debt for the necklace.
Resolution: Mathilde see's Madam Forestier and tells her about the necklace and the past 10 years only to find out that the necklace was a fake and only worth 500 francs.
Plot
Character
Madame Loisel
The Main character
Antagonist and Protagonist
Dynamic character
Greedy
Monsieur Loisel
Mathilde's husband
Tries hard to please his wife
static
Loving and caring
Madame Forestier
Mathilde's old school friend.
Loans Mathilde the necklace.
Theme
The Perceived Power of Objects
Somethings are not always as they seem
Appearances and Reality
Point of view
Third person omniscient
"What would have happened if she had not lost that necklace? Who knows? Who knows? How life is strange and changeful! How little a thing is needed for us to be lost or to be saved!"
Archetypal characters
Madame Loisel
The outcast
The fool
Monsieur Loisel
The hero
Literary Devices
Personification
Simile
symbolism
Irony
Metaphor
Foreshadowing
Alliteration
Flashback etc..

Setting
Paris France
1800's
Winter
HISTORY

1850-1893
Gustave Flaubert
Franco Prussian War
Syphilis
Tried to Commit Suicide

LESSON LEARNED
Be Content with who you are
Dishonesty leads to undesirable consequences

TRADITIONAL APPROACH

TERMS

Boudoir
Homage
Quay
Chagrin
Calamity
Vestibule
Usury
Stereotype that all women are materialistic

Mathilde has the desire to be someone else

Relationship between Mathilde and her husband was typical during that time period
Full transcript