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Transcript of Greek Architecture
Washington DC is a prime example of Ancient Greek Architecture. There is a lot of Ionic style in the government buildings and monuments. The next slide has an example of the similarities in architecture.
How has Ancient Greek Architecture Affected the Design of Following Civilizations?
The Three Types
There are three major types of Greek architecture, the Doric, the Ionic and the Corinthian. These can be told apart by their columns, which were important in Greek architecture. The Doric was found mainly on the Greek mainland, and on the Italian peninsula. The Ionic was mainly found in Asia Minor, and the Corinthian was popular in the Roman and Hellenistic eras, but wasn't used as often because of its complexity.
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Lets compare these two examples of how Greek architecture directly influenced our modern day architecture.
Ancient Greek Architecture
With Doric Columns
Modern Day Architecture
With Ionic Columns
I Bring You Right Angles!
As most of us already know, Alexander the Great's colonies were designed to have right angles as a display of power because a civilization that could make a chaotic winding city right-angled and organized was extremely powerful. Today, a lot of cities are designed with right angles. Below are aerial pictures of cities (from left to right, Denver, London and Paris). Notice the right angles in many of the streets and buildings.
Greek and Roman Temples
This is a Roman temple using Ionic columns, symbolizing Hellenism.
The Greek and Roman Temples were very similar in design and architecture.
An Awesome Greek Invention That we Still use Today!
The Roman Colliseum features all three orders of Greek architecture.
The Greeks made this auditorium since watching plays was a very important part of Greek entertainment. Most auditorium or theaters now-a-days bear a very similar design. Football fields, for example, have similar designs.
The Auditorium Where You can "Hear a Pin Drop".
Ancient Greek Architecture has largely influenced the architecture of the civilizations that followed it by passing on its inventions and architectural style.
Conclusion (Answer to Our Question)
The ancient Greeks first developed arches, which were later refined and used widely throughout Rome. Arches were often used underground in ancient Greece, because of their ability to support weight. The Romans mainly used them above ground, like we do a lot today. For examples of arches today, just look at Grand Central Station in New York, the St. Louis Arch, or McDonalds!
Alexander the Great's conquest marked the beginning of the Greco-Buddhist art, which spread almost as far as Japan, and is still used today in many sculptures, often symbolizing good luck. An example of Greco-Buddhist art is sculpture resembling Buddha.
By: Teegan and Elizabeth