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1950- In the Sweatt V. Painter and McLaurin V. Oklahoma Stat
Transcript of 1950- In the Sweatt V. Painter and McLaurin V. Oklahoma Stat
History About The KKK
KKK (Ku Klux Klan) was found in 1866.
It started to spread in every southern state by 1870.
KKK is the oldest and most hated groups in the United States.
KKK was originally from Pulaski, Tennessee as a social club by six veterans.
The costumes or uniforms they had was a mask and a white robe with a high pointed hat.
The Klan murdered black politicians and political leaders.
Klan's burned churches, schools, lynching teachers, and educated blacks.
Polices made over six thousand arrests and stopped some Klan's.
The KKK targeted those that got away from the American Civil War- African Americans.
KKK targeted blacks mostly, but also hated Jews, Catholics, Liberals etc...
Black Americans tried to fight back by not using violent methods.
Klan activity ended by 1872 and dissaperared, but then came up again in 1915.
African American struggles
In the 1960"s, African Americans could not get good jobs
Had a far less chance of an education than White Americans
Had to sit in the back of the bus
Could be hanged or shot at any moment
Could not use the same restroom, public facilities, or even grave sites
Black women have to worry about sexual assaults and public humiliation
Not able to vote
In spring of 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. launched a series of non-violent anti-segregation protests in Alabama. Police departments used fire hoses, police dogs, and night sticks to stop protests.
Could not fight back of would get in trouble
Cops won't get whites in trouble if they hurt,beat, and in some cases even kill blacks.
The Black Panthers were formed in california in 1966 and they played in cilvil rights
32% Black people were living below the poverty line in
Civil Rights Court Cases
In the Sweatt V. Painter and McLaurin V. Oklahoma State Regents cases, the court started to strike down on segregation of Africa American students in law and graduate school. The Justice Department said it believes plessy was unconstitutional and should be overruled. NAACP Legal Defense Fund lawyers, led by Thurgood Marshall, began to devise a strategy that would force the Court to reexamine the constitutionality of the separate but equal doctrine.
1954- In Brown V. Board of Education , Chief Justice Earl Warren, reading his first big thought from the bench, said: "We conclude, unanimously, that in the field of public education the doctrine of 'separate but equal' has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."
1955- In Brown V. Board of Education, Chief Justice Earl Warren, reading his first major opinion from the bench, said: "We conclude, unanimously, that in the field of public education the doctrine of 'separate but equal' has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."
1956- Supreme court affirmed a lower court ruling declaring of the Montgomery bus system against the law which Rosa Parks and Martin Luther