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RBT Module 25

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Michael Cameron

on 18 June 2015

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Transcript of RBT Module 25

Module Goals
Found
the way
Registered Behavior Technician
Module 25

Instructor:
Dr. Michael Cameron
Registered Behavior Technician Module:
C-05 (Skill Acquisition)

Title:
Implement naturalistic teaching procedures (e.g., incidental teaching)
Duration:
60 Minutes
Assessment:
Competency based quiz (5 questions)


Demonstration Recommendations:
At the conclusion of this training,
Ask
your BCBA supervisor to show you an example of a program that uses Natural Environment Teaching (NET) or incidental teaching,
Observe
another person using the instructional formats, and
Demonstrate
your ability to use NET and an incidental teaching format
Define Natural Environment Teaching (NET)

Define Incidental Teaching

To review the elementary verbal operants (i.e., mand, tact, echoic, and intraverbal)
Define Activity-Based Instruction (ABI)
Discuss the importance of using diverse instructional formats
Dr. Mark Sundberg
Dr. James Partington

Natural Environment Teaching (NET) was developed by Dr. Mark Sundberg and Dr. James Partington. The distinctive feature of NET is that it
uses the learner's natural environment to faciliate
language learning moments by using the learner's natural interests to guide the session. Dr. Sundberg and Dr. Partington developed the procedure to support their efforts to teach language skills based on Skinner's analysis of verbal behavior (1957). Specifically, their interest was in teaching the elementary verbal operants (e.g., the mand, tact, echoic, and intraverval)
Advantages of NET
NET relies on activities or materials in the natural environment that are preferred or established reinforcers (e.g., swings). This has important implications for the use
of language and communication skills in the natural environment
The Registered Behavior Technician provides access to activities and materials following the demonstration of a targeted skill (e.g., manding)
During NET, instructional control is established as a result of "pairing". That is, the RBT is "paired" with reinforcing activities (e.g., swings), and as a result of the pairing, the RBT becomes a conditioned reinforcer

Natural Environment Teaching requires
a knowledge of four strategies: (a) incidental
teaching, (b) the mand-model procedure, (c) delayed
prompting, and (d) Milieu Language Teaching
Considerations

Instructional control may be more difficult
(compared to Discrete Trial Training) to acquire

The number of "learning opportunities" during
a session may be far less compared to a Discrete
Trial Training session
The simplest form of NET - a systematic protocol of instruction that is provided in the context of natural environments
An incidental teaching moment occurs when the learner shows interest (i.e., the learner initaites) in a certain object and attempts to communicate a need based on the object (e.g., a coin for the monkey)
The RBT responds as a typical communication partner, posing a question or statement about the object (e.g., "Do you need a quarter?")
After the learner provides the correct response (e.g., "Could I have a quarter?") the RBT allows the learner to have access to the desired object
Following the incidental teaching moment, elaboration may occur
Incidental Teaching Considerations

Make note of the learner's interests
Contrive situations for teaching
Watch for "teachable moments"

Questions
Answers
What is NET?
Natural Environment Teaching
Does NET replace DTT?
No
True or False. NET and Incidental
Teaching involve the learner's preferences
True
True or False. Instructional control is
acquired as a result of the RBT being paired
with established reinforcers
True
True or False. NET and Incidental Teaching may
involve prompting
True
Elementary Verbal Operants

Mand:

Asking

for reinforcers. A child asks
for "mom" because the child wants her
mom (the child may also mand for objects,
activities, and information)




Tact:

Naming
or identifying objects,
actions, or events (e.g., saying "mom"
because the child sees her mom)
Echoic:

Repeating
what is heard. For
example, saying the word "mom" after
someone else says the word "mom"
Intraverbal:
Answering questions or
having
conversations
where the child's
words are controlled by other words
Dr. Gail McGee
Emory University
Naturalistic Interventions
Teaching strategies that closely resemble typical interactions and occur in natural settings, routines, and activities. Naturalistic strategies are considered
learner-centered, in that the learner plays an active role in determining multiple aspects of the instructional interaction (e.g., location, materials, people involved)
Activity-Based Intervention

Activity Based Intervention (ABI) is a strategy for working with infants and children that helps them develop functional abilities by embedding goals and objectives into routine, planned and spontaneous activities (Bricker & Cripe, 1992). It capitalizes on children's daily interactions with their social and physical environments to faciliate skill development. ABI is based on an ecological approach to child development and emphasizes natural, functional, and meaninful interactions with the environment.
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