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Persuasive Speech Notes

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by

Ashley Ray

on 16 October 2013

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Transcript of Persuasive Speech Notes

Persuasive Speaking: Key Points
- Persuasive speaking urges others to choose from among options.

- Persuasive speaking asks the audience for more commitment.

- The ethical obligations for persuasive speakers are even greater.

- The persuasive speaker is a leader


Persuasive Speaking
The Focuses of Persuasion
Dr. Martin Luther King was a prime example of an Persuasion Speaker.
The Question of Fact
-----This refers to something that we can know to be either true or false, but something that we still can argue about.

Examples:
Historical controversy
Predictions
or Questions of Existence
The Question of Policy
---- This refers where we argue that some actions should or should not be taken.

The form for this method is:
After listening to my speech, audience members will be persauded that X should do Y.

The Question of Value
---- This refers where someone argues something that is right or wrong, moral or immoral, or better or worse than another thing,

Examples:
Driving over the speed limit
Pepsi is better than Coke
Better to live together before marriage

Two Types of Persuasive Speeches of Policy
Passive Agreement
--- Means to persuade someone to agree with your argument without an active response or resistance.

Example:
After listening to my speech, audience members will be persuaded that there should be tougher enforcement of laws to protect the victims of Domestic Abuse
Personal Actions
--- Means to persuade someone to partake in a specific task or issue.

Example:
After listening to my speech, audience members will be persuaded to participate in intramural athletics.
What is the speaker goal?
What are the main points?
How does the structure of the speech help the speaker to make the argument?
What kind of sources does the speaker use?
How does the speaker use evidence to make you care about your argument?
Questions to Ask
(Reading or Viewing)
Topic chosen
---- We will use the traditional concepts that persuaders have used for centuries to argue for change in the
status quo.
. it means how things are now, the current state of affairs.
Analyze It
Prepare It
The Three P's
The three issues to consider are grounded in theories of human psychology.
The Problem
-- Refers to what is wrong with the status quo.
The Plan
-- Refers to the solution
The Practicality
-- Refers to consideration of how well the plan solves the problem and its advantages and disadvantages.
Example: "The Problem with Pennies
Patterns of Organization
Problem - Cause - Solution
Comparative Advantages
-- For use only when the audience already agrees that there is a problem that needs to be solved.

-- The main points are used to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the various plans suggested.

-- It is essentially a process of elimination structure.
Topical Pattern
-- This pattern may be resorted to when arguing against a change in the status quo.

-- The strategy is essentially one of listing reasons to keep the present system.

-- Problem, Plan, and Practicality must still be dealt with.
Problem - Solution
Monroe's Motivated Sequence
(Best pattern to use for a personal action appeal)
Five parts:
Attention
Need
Satisfaction
Visualization
Action
Example: A scenario of heart attacks
Full transcript