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White-Collar Crime

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by

Katie Curtin

on 1 June 2011

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Transcript of White-Collar Crime

White-Collar Crime Occupational Crime Corporate Crime Jobless White-Collar Crime Tax evasion
Fradulent repairs
Embezzelment
Misappropriation of public funds
Employee theft Tax and securtity violations
Intentional polution
Unsafe work environment Welfare fraud
Identity theft
Postal fraud -economic offenses commited through the use of some combination of fraud, deception, or collusion -any act committed by corporations that is punished by state, regardless of whether it is punishd under administrative, civil, or criminal law -does not require the use of an occupation -use of one's occupation for personal enrichment through deliberate misapplication of employing organization's resources or assets D.R. Cressey Street Criminals White-Collar Criminals Middle to upper-aged men
Stable Life
White
Wealthy
Marriage/Family
College Education
One time offenders Young
Black
Single
Undereducated
Poor
Low self-control
Substance abuse
Frequent offenders
Commit variety of offenses Need Based Personal expectations
status
achievement Family Business support
title of "the good life" responsibility to employees
competitive in industry
make a name for itself ~ ~ Society monetary costs (e.g. loss of house, unable to pay health care)
stress
depression
health problems
lost time from work
generalized anxiety disorder
injury, death (medical crimes)
Social Distruction
low social morale
disorganization Common Practice following established business practice
blameless
ordered to by boss Agencies Securites and Exchange Commision (SEC)
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Prevention security personel
pre-employment screening
reduce secrecy
increase consequence
stronger business ethics
educate consumer/general public Theories Differential Association
Rational Choice Theory
Revised Rational Choice Theory
Routine Activities Theory
Organizational Theory (created specifically for this crime) Enforcement civil court Benefits Drawbacks evidence difficult to collect
treble and punitive damage available only individuals (not state) can bring charges
treble sanctions limited by offender's ability to pay them, high monetary not guaranteed
Full transcript