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Transcript of Civil War
(in a nutshell)
April 12, 1861
General Pierre Beauregard, leader of the confederates (Antiendmsi Robbers), opened fire at 4:30 a.m. on Major Robert Anderson of the Union by opening with 50 cannons at Fort Sumter.
The Confederates won.
How did we get here?
Abe Lincoln President
Southern States Seceding (northern industry and southern plantations)
Strong state governments weak federal government
July 21, 1861- Bull Run
Gen. McDowell leads 30,000 men against Gen. Johnston's 22,000 Southern troops in an attempt to crush the rebels and go "On to Richmond." South scores victory as Union troops flee back to Washington in disarray. McDowell replaced by Gen. McClellan
March 9, 1862-
Monitor vs. Merrimac
First ironclad battle in history ends in a draw as the Merrimac withdraws after daylong exchange of fire. Union blockade of South is maintained.
July 1-3, 1863- Gettysburg
Gen. Lee lead a army of 71,000 men in to the surrounding area of Gettysburg and and the quickly move all of his forces there after he found the the Gen. Meade had moved his men in to he area and was trying to drive back the confederate force. The battle of Gettysburg was the most costly and devastating battle in the US civil war with and estimated 50,000 people lying dead in and around the city of Gettysburg.
September 23, 1862- Emancipation Proclamation
Abraham Lincoln announced on 1/1/63, all slaves in rebelling states would be free.
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States.
November 1860- Lincoln elected president
November 1863- Chattanooga
Reinforced with troops from the East, Grant is able to push Southern troops back and prepare for assault on Atlanta and the heart of the Confederacy
February 1861- Confederacy formed
Six states from the lower south followed South Carolina, They included Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas.
Lincoln addresses Congress and requests the enlistment of a Union Army. Congress authorizes a call for 500,000 men. It is clear now that the war will not be short.
Lincoln Requests Army
August 30, 1862- Second Battle of Bull Run
McClellan replaced by Gen. Pope. Lee and Gen. Stonewall Jackson defeat Union troops again at Manassas and Pope is replaced by McClellan
April 1862 - The Battle of Shiloh
Grant overcomes Southern forces with heavy losses for each side: 13,000 Union casualties, 11,000 for South
Over the course of seven days of fighting, General Robert E. Lee attacks George McClellan's Union Army of the Potomac near Richmond, Virginia. Huge casualties cause McClellan to withdraw north towards Washington.
The Seven Days
Heavily outnumbered, Lee's troops face McClellan in bloody fighting. Over 23,000 casualties (more than all previous American wars combined). Lee retreats to Virginia
March 3, 1863- Military Draft
The United States Congress passed the legislation, during the American Civil War to provide fresh manpower for the Union Army.
Gen. Hooker defeated by Lee, but Jackson is mistakenly shot by his own men and killed.
May 1863 - The Battle of Chancellorsville
Jul 13, 1863 - Jul 16, 1863 Draft riots
This is when Violent disturbances in New York City were caused by a group of working-class men who were outraged with the law that the Congress drafted men to fight.
Sept.- Dec, 1864 Atlanta to Savannah
Gen. Sherman destroys Atlanta and then sends troops on 300 mile destructive march to the sea. Railroads torn up, buildings destroyed, crops burned in an attempt to break the will of the South
November 1864 -- Abraham Lincoln Is Re-Elected
Northern voters overwhelmingly endorse President Abraham Lincoln when they elect him to a second term. With his re-election, any hope for a negotiated settlement with the Confederacy vanished.
January 1865 - The Fall of the Confederacy
Transportation problems and successful blockades caused severe shortages of food and supplies in the South. Starving soldiers began to desert Lee's forces, and although President Jefferson Davis approved the arming of slaves as a means of augmenting the shrinking army, the measure was never put into effect.
April 9, 1865- Lee Surrenders
Lee, refusing to see his troops suffer any further, surrenders to Grant. Southern troops given generous terms of surrender
April 1865 - The Assassination of President Lincoln
John Wilkes Booth, a famous actor and Confederate, shot President Abraham Lincoln at a play at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. The attack came only five days after Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered his massive army at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, effectively ending the American Civil War.
June 25, 1862