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Class system of Afghanistan

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Oddný Gunnarsdóttir

on 18 September 2013

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Transcript of Class system of Afghanistan

Classes and the economy
Class system of Afghanistan

The class system

Work classes in Afhganistan
Do they want to change it?
Ethnic classes of Afhganistan
In Afhganistan, people are usually divided into three ethnic classes. They are distinguished by race, religion and by earnings. Following are the main ethnic classes:
The upper class are called Pashtuns. They are the largest ethnic group, and they are over 42% of the population in Afhganistan.
Uzbeks and Turmeks
The middle classes are called Uzbeks and Turmeks. Uzmeks are a part of the Sunni sect of Islam and many of them are skilled arists. They do not have a good relationship with Pashtuns and there have been many riots between the two groups over the years.Turmeks are only 3% of the population and speak Turkish and Persian.
The lowest class of Afhgans, the Hazaras, are generally the people who are servants to the upper classes. They do not have many rights or money and often struggle to live with dignity.  

In Afhganistan there are four main classes into which workers are divided:

The labour class
60.000 work in the industrial centersinvolved in politics

The bourgeois class are the middle-class people of Afghanistan. A large number of these people work in factories or are merchants, wholesalers or retailers.

The intellectual class is a class that has been emerging in Afhganistan through more recent years and the number of intellectuals is increasing with the growth of education. They come from all social classes and work in newly established civil administration. Amongst other things they deal with the social and economic affairs of the Kingdom.
In the last decade money has flowed into Afghanistan. That has increased the gap between the classes, the rich get richer and the poor stay poor. This is causing the society to suffer. Class systems already existed in Afghanistan but this has changed it from a primitive form into a modern one that amplifies the effects. There is not a lot of  room for social movement. You stay in the class you are born into instead of moving up and down according to your own merits. This causes even more friction between the classes. The rich try to keep their status and the lower classes stay in their ''place'' while the less fortunate try to climb up to get a bigger piece of the pie.  

The society of Afhganistan seems to like this system. So there are now assumptions to change it. They would rather adjust this system to the contemperary and future situations. There have been suggestions that every class should have the same base in justice and that communications between the classes should be normal. The question is on the other hand, are these the voices of the “Pashtuns” or the “Hazaras”?


Halldór, Daníel og Guðbjörg
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