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Transcript of Civil War
Abraham is elected on November 6th, 1860
War stated on April 12th, 1861
Ended on April 9th, 1865
Union and Confederacy
disagreed on opinions of slavery
Union saw slavery as a
crime and wanted to eradicate it
Confederates wanted slaves
for their farms and businesses to
keep trades alive
Racism During the Civil War
Culture of African Slaves
as difficult as slave life was the culture flourished
Attack on Fort Sumter
April 12th, 1861
January 1, 1863
November 19, 1863
Lee Surrenders to Grant
April 9th, 1865
Time Line of Events
Society in the Colonies
Abraham is Elected
November 6th, 1860
July 9, 1868
February 3, 1870
Union and Confederate States
Industrial states with lots of factories and manufacturing plants
City growth in certain areas because of job positions left behind by drafted soldiers
All states were abolitionist states
Strongly encouraged slavery in states
More agricultural than industrial
Economy based on slave labor
$29 million in finances
Population of 3 million (1/6 enslaved)
$234 million in finances
$74 million in finances
750,000-1,227,890 occupants, majority white
More tobacco, rice, and cotton
69% of civilians farmers,
Over 1/3 enslaved
Population of 9 million
Close-minded towards new ideas of slavery
Wanted to keep tradition (for profits)
- 2,489,836 white
- 178,975 black
More livestock, wheat, and corn
Population of 18.5 million
No man was a slave
Open-minded towards change
Less than half of civilians were farmers
More professional occupations
On the fence about the war and each side's opinions
Slave states not separated from the Union
America was divided into three sections: Northern states, Border states, and Southern states
Women in the Civil War
In Northern States:
African Americans in the Civil War
In Northern States:
Most women motivated to help men in war
Created organizations to provide for soldiers
Others personally sewed clothing and made items for loved ones serving in war
In Southern States:
Women typically had less money to help soldiers than Northern women did
Provided as much as they could with the little they had
Usually relied on slaves to do their work, but now forced to do their own tasks
African American Women:
African American women weren't free to contribute to the Union cause in any way
Were given male slaves' work, punishment and separation
Weren't allowed to enlist until 1863
Black men volunteered and enlisted for Union army
Served in Navy and support positions
In Southern States:
African American men still enslaved
Forced to serve for confederacy against their will
Served primarily in labor positions
Allowed enlisting in 1865
- slave women wove baskets using African coil method
- many slaves had specific skills, e.i music and blacksmithing
- slave women would sew quilts, not only were they useful for keeping warm, but many had instructions for traveling the underground railroad
- slaves took up religion, many becoming christians
-slaves often sang songs of sorrow and mourning while working in fields, one of the most famous being "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot"
- slaves often had slave marriages, these were not official and did little to deter masters form breaking families apart
Slaves During the War
What was Northern economy based on?
What was Southern economy based on?
What did women in the North and women in the South do to help the soldiers serving in the war?
In what year were Northern African Americans allowed to enlist in the army? What year did the South allow blacks to be enlisted?
What year was Abraham Lincoln elected as president?
Map of U.S. depicting the geographical traits of the groups during the Civil War Era
Which states had more live stock than the others?
How many African Americans were enslaved in the Confederacy?
What percentage of civilians were farmers in the confederacy?
Women did not work, and instead ran large households
Slaves were forced to leave the state within thirty days if they were freed or able to buy their freedom
Saw slaves as an other and felt that their actions were justified
How would you compare the two regions in terms of eduction when looking at the jobs they had?
Slave Culture and its Influence on Society
-Many words like "funky" and "okra" came from african american culture influencing ours
-Br'er rabbit stories were created by slaves, the stories included a smart, clever rabbit outsmarting his much stronger opponents
-Slave songs laid the foundation for many modern genres of music
List one reason why the confederates wanted to keep slavery intact.
How did slaves react to the fact that they were being forced to fight against their own freedom?
This caused resentment from the southern states and started the separation of the country due to conflicting opinions
The attack on the North from the south was the sole event that officially started the civil war
Used as a war measure by Lincoln, it made the eradication of slavery an explicit war goal
The speech was delivered at the cemetery for the Union soldiers killed at the Battle of Gettysburg, the bloodiest battle during the war.
After his defeats, Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant, officially ending the Civil war
Ratified to the constitution soon after the war, it allowed for recently freed slaves to be granted citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States."
The final step in eradicating racism during the Civil war era, the amendment banned racial discrimination in voting, thus allowing African American (men) to vote
-Once the war officially started, many southern soldiers brought their slaves along
-Many slaves would escape as soon as possible
-These escaped slaves would bring valuable information to union soldiers and sometimes they even lead them straight to confederate forts and camps
In which part of the country was abolitionism more acceptable?
-Women worked hard and many held jobs
women also worked hard to have a position in abolitionist groups
-Many freed slaves had jobs
-The more north a slave was the better he or she was supposedly being treated
-They felt sympathy for slaves, books, like "Uncle Toms Cabin", and pictures describing slave life drew out the sympathy from people.
- some confederate states banned any anti-slavery writings, one example of these writings was the abolitionist news paper "The North Star", written by black abolitionist, Frederick Douglass.
Union: 20 states
Confederate: 11 states
Border: 5 states
The Emancipation Proclamation freed the slaves in which states?
How did Br'er rabbit defeat his foes?
Who was Frederick Douglass?
What happened at fort Sumter and what did it cause?