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Family and Marriage

Elina Sagaydak, Ashley Roh, Jasmine Raskas, Brooks Kimmis, Kelly Bisges, Cody Braun
by

Cody Braun

on 1 May 2013

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Transcript of Family and Marriage

Jasmine Raskas, Cody Braun, Kelly Bisges
Elina Sagaydak, Brooks Kimmis, Ashley Roh Marriage and Family Global Views Trends in US Families Family-two or more people who consider themselves related by blood, marriage, or adoption
Types of families
Polyandry
Polygyny
Nuclear Couples postponing marriage

Average US woman has her first child at age 25

Cohabitation: unmarried couples living together in a sexual relationship

1.Most couples who marry have cohabitated
2.Divorce rates are higher

Women putting marriage on hold for career

The Sandwich Generation: people responsible for two other generations, their children and their own aging parents (typically ages 40-55) Marriage-a group’s approved mating arrangements, usually marked by the ritual of some event.
Types of Marriage
Same-sex
opposite-sex Marriage
after death
Non-sexual marriage Cultural Themes Mate selection
Descent
Inheritance
Authority Love Sickness
“We believe we’re choosing a partner. But we may merely be the happy victims of nature’s lovely plan.”
Stages of Love
Stage 1= Lust
Stage 2= Attraction
Stage 3=Attachment
Professor Arthur Arun: How to Fall in Love
1. Find a complete stranger
2. Reveal to each other intimate details about your lives for half an hour
3. Then, stare deeply into each other’s eyes without talking for four minutes
http://www.youramazingbrain.org/lovesex/sciencelove.htm Love and Courtship in Global Perspective www.scientificamerican.comn http://dailyinfographic.com/the-modern-relationship-infographic Homogamy
age, education, social class, and race/ethnicity
Trends in interracial marriage Marriage Ideal family size
religious divide
Hans Rosling: Religions and babies
Marital Satisfaction
dyad to triad
change in life style
stress of a baby Childbirth http://www.ted.com/talks/hans_rosling_religions_and_babies.html http://www.uknow.gse.harvard.edu/leadership/LP309-608.html Married vs. single
Who takes care of the children depends on social class
day care, nannie, family members Importance of Daycare Empty nest
not so empty
Death of a spouse
more common for women
Widowhood effect Family Transitions Divorce US divorce rate is 50% (2.2 million marriages, 1.1 million divorces)
Divorce rate for any given year is less than 2%
Divorce has slowed down since 1990
About 43-46% of marriages end in divorce Measuring Divorce Children of Divorce More likely to have emotional problems
More likely to become juvenile delinquents
Less likely to complete high school, attend college, or graduate from college
More likely themselves to divorce
75-80% of don't experience long-term harm
Children who feel close to both parents, feel loved, experience little conflict, and have consistent routines make the best adjustment The Dark and the Bright Two Sides of Family Life The Dark Side
1992, Murray Straus- women and men equally likely to attack one another
85% injured=wives
Wife abuse result of socialization
People used to norms encouraging aggresion and violence Spouse Battering Child Abuse
Ranges from physical and sexual abuse to neglect
2 million reports of child abuse (including neglect) each year
800,000 (40%) are supported by evidence
Parental excuses
Ex: Child broke femur while running Marital or Intimacy Rape Diana Russell- 14% married women reported being raped by husband
10% of Boston women reported husbands using physical force to compel them to have intercourse.
Marital rape is less likely to be reported
Intimacy Rape- takes in to account couples cohabitating
Not limited to men assaulting women Marital Rape or Intimacy Rape Definition- sexual relations among certain relatives
Diana Russell- most trauma by those assaulted most often, occurring over long periods of time, and “more intrusive” Incest The Bright Side Spend a lot of time together
Quick to express appreciation
Committed to pormotoing one another’s welfare
Do a lot of talking and listening
Are religious
Deal with crises in a positive manner 3/5 married Americans report being “very happy” with their marriage.
Happy couples’ thought processes
Spouse=best friend
Like their spouse as a person
Marriage=long term commitment
Marriage is sacred
Agree on aims and goals
Belive spouse has grown more interesting
Strong desire for marriage to succeed
Laugh together Happy Families Bright Side Future of Marriage and Family No. Marriage is quite functional and exists in every society.
Americans will continue to marry because it will continue to be vital for their welfare.
Trends
Cohabitation, births to single women, older age of first marriage Is Marriage Doomed What other changes do you predict to occur to marriage in the United States? Theoretical Perspective Family is universal because of needs
Economic production
Socialization of children
Care of sick and aged
Recreation
Sexual control
Reproduction Incest Taboo Incest leads to role confusion ex: parent or lover?
Exogamy: looking outside the family for partners
extends the social network and extended family Isolation and Emotional Overload Nuclear families can count on extended family for material and emotional support
Stress from crisis is spread among the smaller nuclear family
Ex: job loss, death, quarrels
more stress= emotional overload
isolation creates more vulnerability ex: incest and abuse Conflict Power is the reason for conflict ex: money and decision making
Traditionally husbands had more power
Today women have more power over decisions of finance, activities, and television
Ex: women 43% men 26% mutual 31% pg. 446 Gender Roles Traditionally men worked more and women spent more time with housework and child care
Men today have decreased work and increased housework and child care
Women today have increased work and child care and decreased housework
Technology has helped decrease time spend on housework and food preparation
Overall women still work less and spend more time doing housework and child care than men pg. 447 Diversity in Families Upper Class: preservation of privilege and family fortune
Middle Class: focus on achievement and respectability
Lower Class: Single mothers, divorce, desertion Diversity due to Social Class Family Structure Types of Families Women tend to be the single parent
Tend to be poor
81% of children live with their mother after divorce
Poverty: primary source of strain
Behavioral problems, drop outs, arrests, physical and emotional health problems, divorces
Teenage pregnancies One Parent Families 20% of married women do not have children
Infertility
10.9% of women are infertile, 6% of married women
Choice—careers, traveling, less stress
Timing
Social changes are causing more than 20% of women to not have children A family is still a family if there are no children A family whose members were once part of other families
Due to divorce
Full siblings, Half siblings, Step siblings
Four sets of grandparents Blended Families 9 States allow gay marriage:
Connecticut, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont, Washington, Washington D.C., (Rhode Island)
11 States allow Lesbian and Gay Couples to adopt jointly:
California, Washington D.C., Massachusetts, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Rhode Island*, Vermont, Washington, and Wisconsin, Connecticut
Other states allow single homosexual adults to adopt
Many ambiguous or unspecified laws Gay and Lesbian Families
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