Transcript of The Coal Mines Of Wales
WELSH COAL MINES One of Wales' most notable export is Coal. Wales became a hot spot for coal mines, and carried on to be a mining country untill the late 20th century. Impact on the industrial Revoloution Coal played a very big part on the Industrial Revoloution. It fueled the British Empire. Although there were many mines spread throughout England, mainly the Midlands area close to Wales, Wales was able to obtain its own idenity in the industrial revoloution. Also, the boom of coal mining insured te jobs of many working class people, the social class that dominated many countries during this age, and still has a high majority in modern day Wales. Conditions Like most industrys of the age, Coal mining conditions were unsafe. Also, women and children were aloud to work in the mines as much as men, and were often picked first as they could fit through the small tunnels STRIKE Stikes broke out revolintg against the employers demanding better working conditions which became common throught the industrial revoloution, one of the most notably porbably being the Merthyr rising. Although mining acts weres passed, the laws forbidding the employment of Women and Children was widley ignored. In some instances, they were replaced by the "pit pony" MODern Mining MARGARET THATCHER After WWII, Britain was left in political and economical turmoil. With many failed Labour government leaders (equivelent of Demorcratic gov.) Britain needed change which came in the form of Margaret Thather, or "Britains Fighting Lady" She did many wonders for English and Scottish governments, improving the economy and leading many successful policies which are still used today. But in Wales, the story of Margaret Thatcher is very different Still, during the late 1900s, Wales was still composed of many small mining villages, and it was still a very large industry. UK Miners Strike (1984-1985) In 1984, worried about the growing number of Coal Mines being closed due to Margaret Thatchers new policies. Thatcher belived that the mines were unprofitable, and was also open to privatisiation. The left-wing "National Union of Miners" or NUM, threatend to stike if more mines closed down in the early 80s. Thatcher, beliving she had not secured her postion properly yet, backed down. Thatchers Power Grows After a successful war in the Falkland islands, Thatherism was at Its height. She was now ready to take on the Mining Unions. Strike began in Cornwall, led by NUM leader Ian McGregor. Soon after all of England, Scotland and Wales were on strike Riots and Stikes roke out across the country, all angry at Thatchers "iron" Methods. Communites were divided. Jobs were lost, and the economy Thatcher spent so long improving, came to a hault After a year of strikes, the Miners had to admit defeat. Thatcher had won after loss and blood on both sides. Unfortunately for Thactcher, she resigned later over after her radical ideas proved too diffrent. Thus this led to the fall of the conservatives (British Republicans), untill 2010. To date, Wales remains a labour (Democratic) country. In conclusion . .Full transcript
Wales is no longer a mining country. Many Welsh people are still upset by this as it has changed the whole stucture of many small mining towns.