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01 Earliest Americans
Transcript of 01 Earliest Americans
People had never set foot in
North & South America
This movement from one area to another is called "
They were "
" because they hunted and gathered food and did not grow what they ate.
An Ice Age freezes large amounts of ocean water into ice.
Growing glaciers cause sea levels to drop 300' lower than present levels...
Ancient people from Asia that crossed this bridge and entered what is now North America.
They were likely pursuing animals across the "bridge."
(Climate and landscape around living things)
The Environment then warmed and the
glaciers melted, cutting off the
The varied environments of the new world influenced the creation of various
A set of common values and traditions, including language, government, religion, and economy.
We will look at several cultures next...
Land is exposed by lower sea level.
The exposed land connected the two sides of what was the Bering strait and created the
"Bering Land Bridge."
(ancient Indian travelers of the land bridge).
Venerated the Jaguar
Sculpted Large Stone Heads
Between 40-12K Years Ago
Yucatan - Central America
Pyramid & Temple Builders
Mathematics - Calendar
Capital - Tenochtitlan
Early 1500's most powerful Mesoamerican state
Present day Mexico City
Ecuador to Chile at peak
Cuzco capital city
12 Million strong
Records via knotted strings
Less populated than Meso and South American cultures... Hunter-gatherers until 5000 BC... then some agriculture.
- early southwest culture
- above ground homes of heavy clay
- underground ceremony chambers
to deal with dry conditions
Ancestor & Animal Spirits
Social importance by giving away belongings
Adapted to cold
Igloos, huts, multifamily, partially underground
Acorns for flour, roots, trapping
Family groups of 30-500
Nomadic hunters (Blackfoot)
Bison, deer, elk
Some were farmers (Pawnee)
Corn, beans, squash
Farming & Trading Societies
Cahokia - 30K residents
Cherokee eventually develop a written language
North: Inuit & Aleut
Great Plains: Blackfoot, Pawnee
Mound Builders: Hopewell, Mississippian
100+ temples and burial mounds
Near present day St. Louis
100' high and covering 16 acres
1000 BCE - 700 BCE
follows Hopewell, disappears by 1700's
Southeast: Cherokee, Seminole, Creek
Northeast: Iroquois League
Cayuga, Mowhawk, Onedia, Onondaga, Seneca
Farmers, traders, hunters, warriors
People of the Longhouse
Wampum Belts for trade and recording treaties and stories
Influenced Founding Fathers
(8-10 families per)
Land was NOT owned in the sense Europeans own land
Belief in spirits and a great spirit
Southern part of Mexico and Northern Central America