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Transcript of Salmonellosis
-Dehydration may also occur; symptoms of dehydration include decreased urine output, sunken eyes, sticky or dry mouth, and no tears when crying
-Usually lasts 4-7 days
-A small number of persons with Salmonella develop pain in their joints, irritation of the eyes, and painful urination. This is called Reiter's syndrome. It can last for months or years, and can lead to chronic arthritis which is difficult to treat. Antibiotic treatment does not make a difference in whether or not the person develops arthritis. Food Source: -Salmonella is actually a group of bacteria that can cause diarrheal illness in humans. They are microscopic living creatures that pass from the feces of people or animals to other people or other animals.
-They are commonly found in foods such as poultry, eggs, dairy products, peanut butter, and produce. Preventative measures: •Clean. Wash hands, cutting boards, utensils, and countertops.
•Separate. Keep raw meat, poultry, and seafood separate from ready-to-eat foods.
•Cook. Use a food thermometer to ensure that foods are cooked to a safe internal temperature: 145°F for whole meats (allowing the meat to rest for 3 minutes before carving or consuming), 160°F for ground meats, and 165°F for all poultry.
•Chill. Keep your refrigerator below 40°F and refrigerate food that will spoil.
•Don't prepare food for others if you have diarrhea or vomiting.
•Be especially careful preparing food for children, pregnant woman, those in poor health, and older adults. Treatment: Most recover without treatment but some need to be hospitalized from severe diarrhea, which in that case they would require rehydration with intravenous fluids. Antibiotics are not usually necessary unless the infection spreads from the intestines. Some Salmonella bacteria have become resistant to antibiotics, largely as a result of the use of antibiotics to promote the growth of food animals. Work Cited:
"Salmonella." Center of Disease Control. 2011. Web.
(http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/outbreaks.html) -Every year there are multiple outbreaks caused by cross contamination at restaurants and from unwashed vegetables and fruit.
-Approximately 40,000 people develope salmonella infection in the U.S. every year. Most patients are younger than 20. The highest rate occurs from July through October.
-People most at risk include older adults, infants, and people with an impaired immune system. Other Facts: