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7th gr fig language

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Ms. Salah

on 26 January 2013

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Transcript of 7th gr fig language

FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE A word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of something else and is not literally true. SIMILE A comparison between two unlike things using like or as. EX: "Her eyes sparkled like diamonds in the candlelight." METAPHOR -A comparison between two unlike things in which "like" or "as" is not used.
-(Usually you will see the words "is, are, were, was, am," etc…state of being words) EX: Life is a Rollercoaster.
Meaning: Life has ups and downs, good times and bad times LITERARY TERMS (FOR USE IN OUR POETRY UNIT) IMAGERY Language that appeals to the five senses. -Writers use imagery to describe how their subjects look, sound, feel, taste, and smell. EX: The hot July sun burned my skin as little beads of sweat began to trickle down my face. FORESHADOWING The author’s use of clues to hint at what might happen later in the story. Writers use foreshadowing to build their readers’ expectations and to create suspense. This is used to help readers prepare for what is to come. ONOMATOPOEIA The use of words whose sounds imitate or suggest their meaning.
EX: buzz, rustle, boom, tweet. REPETITION The use of any element of language – a sound, word, phrase, or grammatical structure – more than once. This is used to emphasize ideas and create memorable sound effects. Turn to page 12 in your packet for simile practice... Turn to page 14 in your packet for metaphor practice Turn to page 10 in your packet for practice... ALLITERATION -The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words (used with words that are close together). -Alliteration gives emphasis to words. EX: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers Alliteration used to the extreme is like a tongue-twister! Turn to page 9 of your packet for practice... MOOD Mood, or atmosphere, is THE FEELING created in the READER by a literary work or passage. Writers use many devices to create mood, including images, dialogue, setting, and plot. Often, a writer creates a mood at the beginning of a work and then sustains the mood throughout. Sometimes, however, the mood of the work changes dramatically. **Remember, the mood is how the piece makes THE READER feel when reading it!! Write down at least FOUR mood words from this video under your definition... THEME The central message, concern, or purpose. A theme can usually be expressed as a generalization, or general statement, about people or life. The theme may be stated directly by the writer although it is more often presented indirectly. When the theme is stated indirectly, the reader must figure out the theme by looking carefully at what the work reveals about the people or about life. TONE The AUTHOR'S ATTITUDE toward his subject.
Word choice or phrasing helps to convey tone.

EX: respect, anger, lightheartedness, or sarcasm. Tone = light/humorous Be prepared to share the tone of this video... Be prepared to share the tone and mood of this video... HYPERBOLE An obvious and intentional exaggeration; an extravagant statement, not meant to be taken literally. EX: “I waited an eternity.” PERSONIFICATION Giving human qualities to a non-human (animal, object, idea, etc) EX: The sun laughed with me as I skipped outside. Turn to page 11 for more practice... What are some of the hyperboles in this poem? IDIOM An expression that has acquired a meaning that differs from its literal meaning.
EX: “It’s raining cats and dogs” or “That cost me an arm and a leg.” This means it's raining a lot (cats and dogs aren't actually falling from the sky!) The pattern of rhymes in a poem; lines that rhyme are given the same letter. RHYME SCHEME If I can stop one Heart from breaking a
I shall not live in vain b
If I can ease one Life the aching a
Or cool one pain b

The rhyme scheme is ABAB You Try:

What is the rhyme scheme of this poem?

Flowers bloom in sultry air
Blue skies wash away the glare
Breeze flutters, leaves dance
Cardinal flies and kittens prance The connotation of a word is the set of ideas associated with it in addition to its explicit meaning. The connotation of a word can be personal, based on individual experiences. More often, cultural connotations – those recognizable by most people in a group – determine a writer’s word choices. CONNOTATION The dictionary meaning of a word, independent of other associations that the word may have. DENOTATION EX: home = a structure where one lives. CONNOTATION VS. DENOTATION
The denotation (or dictionary definition – remember d in denotation = dictionary) of HOT is: having a temperature higher than that of a human body.

However, when you say “Man! He/She is hot!”, are you saying “Man! He is having a temperature higher than that of a human body!”? No!!
You are saying the CONNOTATION of HOT – which could mean a variety of things – he/she is cute, attractive, beautiful, and many other meanings – those come from personal experiences and cultural meanings, etc.
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