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Transcript of Classroom Management
Belongingness and affection
Safety and security
Physiological needs People have an innate need to be competent and accepted! Glasser's Five basic needs
-To survive and reproduce
-To belong and love
-To gain power
-To be free, and
-To have fun Coopersmith said in order to possess high self-esteem students need to experience:
-Significance-a sense of being valued
-Competence-ability to perform a socially valued task
-Power-ability to control one’s environment All students need friends, fun, challenges, choices, physical well being, and unconditional love.
Teachers can create positive relationships with their students which will foster all of these elements in their lives. Research shows positive teacher-student relationships are the FOUNDATION of success!
-Kleinfield: Effective teachers (with Eskimo and Native American students) showed personal interest and demanded solid academic achievement
-Harrington & Boardman: Children of poverty reported that their success was highly influenced by an adult who believed in and encouraged them.
-Phelan, Davidson & Cao: High school students value the teachers that care
-Murray & Grennberg: Positive school experience ratings were positively correlated with positive student-teacher relationship ratings (elementary).
-Mullar, Katz & Dance: African-American students work harder when their teachers express caring.
-Pianta, Steinberg & Rollins: Positive teacher-student relationships prevent high risk students from being held back. -Maintaining high expectations
-Sincerity and compassion
-Help and guidance
-A safe learning environment
-Clear procedures and assignments
-Varied routine, choices, and fun! What students REALLY want from their educators: Maintain HIGH expectations! -Make sure that all students do their work.
-Make all assignments meaningful.
-Hold everyone to the same (high) standards. Emphasize your belief that anyone can learn!
-Everyone must have the same consequences and rewards for work completion. Sincerity and Compassion: Listen carefully to your students!
-Give them time to write in journals that they can choose to let you read.
-Set up personal interviews or questionnaires.
Spend time with your students to be aware of their life experiences.
-Invite them to eat lunch with you.
-Partake (or help run) in student activities. Understanding: Be willing to understand theory of multiple realities:
-Everyone has their own perspective.
Contact their parents or family to understand their cultural background:
-Send letters home and make phone calls.
-Invite parents to share ideas, perspectives, and activities in the classroom.
-NEVER assume parents don't care.
-Research things you don't know about the culture.
Make the classroom a display of culture:
-Hang work and information about the students' culture.
-Always leave room for discussion about cultural perspectives. Help and Guidance: Always make yourself available to the students.
-Schedule individual conferences.
-Offer tutoring before or after school.
-Keep a questions box where students can ask for help anonymously and post the answers on a board. A Safe Learning Environment: -Never allow ridicule.
-Go over anti-bullying policy.
-Foster empathy through group discussions.
-Make sure students know they can tell you anything regarding their safety. Clear Procedures Involve students in procedure making
-Have students vote on rules.
-Create a classroom constitution.
-Hold them responsible for maintaining the integrity of the rules.
-Have students sign a contract agreeing to the rules. This is a personal agreement between the two of you! Varied Routine and Choices Take time to hear student ideas:
-Use a suggestion box.
-Allow them to pick between assignments.
-Be flexible with projects. Students can design their own individual projects with guidance in order to highlight what they do best. These relationships are nourished by the heart of an educator. It is our heart and ability to care that sets us apart. When educators successfully build positive relationships with their students, those students are less likely to act out and more likely to model good behavior. This allows for more learning time and greater success! “Those who know, do. Those that understand, teach.”
― Aristotle Students spend a good majority of their day in school. They crave positive teacher-student relationships!