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Transcript of back up
to provide an overview of the "Benevolent Assimilation" Proclamation and the reaction of the Filipinos to it
to expose the reason that started the war
to reveal how the Filipino Republic officials were defeated
to give details on the Filipinization of the church
The "BENEVOLENT ASSIMILATION" Proclamation friendly and helpful ADOPTATION The Philippine-American War (1899-1902)
The Results of Philippine-American War Pressure groups that surrounded Pres. McKinley
1.) American businessmen
2.)Military & naval pressure group
3.)Religious pressure group
"The U.S have come not as invaders or conquerors, but as
friends to protect the natives in their homes, in their
employment and in their personal and religion rights." states the American Policy regarding our country
indicated the intention of the U.S to exercise sovereignty over the Philippines making it a U.S colony.
proclamation the extended American sovereignty over the archipelago by force Filipino Reaction to the Proclamation General Elweel Otis January 5, 1899- Aguinaldo issued a strongly worded proclamation saying " My Government is disposed to open hostilitis if the American Troops attempts to take forcible possession of the Visayan Islands." Attempts to relax the tension Aguinaldo suggested General Otis that both representatives should meet (3 military officers from U.S and 3 from Philippines) Filipino military officer believed that the Americans were just fooling the Philippines because of their stalling. THE SHOT THAT STARTED THE WAR February 1, 1899- a group of American Engineers was arrested by Filipinos. February 2, 1899- General Arthur MacArthur protested the presence of some Filipino soldiers their lives. February 4, 1899- Private Willie W. Grayson shot a soldier on the corner of Sociego and Silencio Streets in Sta. Mesa, Manila. PRIVATE WILLIIE W. GRAYSON The Filipinos answered with rifle fire and the Philippine- American war was on. The Incident Investigated Early as February 2 and 3- the Filipino employees in the service of American ships had been dismissed.
Morning of February 4 between 200 and 300 American soldiers boarded to Cascus for Cavite. Aguinaldo sent an emissary for Gen. Otis "firing on our side the night before had been against my order.
Gen. Otis said that "fighting, having started, must go on to the grim." The American drived to the North Jose Bugallon The America won the battle of La Loma
March 22- Luna attacked the city and 2 days later reached Azcarraga street but Americans succeeded in forcing the intrepid Antonio Luna to retreat to Pulo, Bulacan March 25- Filipino repulsed General LLoyd Wheaton in the Battle of Pulo and killed an American Colonel
March 30- Americans conquered Pulo, Bulacan The Battle of Bagbag General Luna retreat North of Luzon and established in Calumpit
He sent telegram to General Tomas Mascardo ig Guagua asking for reinforcements But Mascardo refused, so Luna got angry and order his officer to kill Mascardo
During Luna's absence, General Gregorio del Pilar commanded the sector of Bagbag a barrio of Calumpit but he was defeated This made Luna to retreat again to further North; to Pampanga The Fall of Mabini Cabinet Mabini- the next powerful man in the country after Aguinaldo
He opposed the freedom and autonomy promised by the Americans as he thought it was just a trick of the enemy But Mabini's Filipino officers enemies (Pedro A. Paterno, Ambrosio Reanzares Bautista, Felipe Buencamino and many others) opposed him and accepted the autonomy They persuaded Aguinaldo to remove Mabini from office
May 7- Mabini Resigned The Aguinaldo Retreats to Palanan A number of Aguinaldo's Generals surrendered to the enemy. Emilio Aguinaldo Guerrilla Warfare- is a form of irregular warfare in which a small groups of combatants including, but not limited to, armed civilians (or "irregulars") use military tactics, such as ambushes, sabotage, raids, Petty warfare, the element of surprise, and extraordinary mobility to harass a larger and less-mobile traditional army, or strike a vulnerable target, and withdraw almost immediately. Aguinaldo, together with some selected men, his son, wife, mother and sister fled to Pangasinan. Aguinaldo and a handful followers walked to Tierra Virgen, Cagayan SEPTEMBER 6, 1900 - Aguinaldo and his men reached Palanan, Isabela. Headquarters in Palanan, Isabela The Battle of Pasong Tirad Major Peyton March Pasong Tirad- referred to as the "Philippine Thermoplyae", a battle in the Philippine- American war fought on December 2, 1899. General Gregorio Del Pilar- was one of the youngest generals in the Philippine Revolutionary Forces during the Philippine Revolution and the Philippine-American War. He is most known for his role and death at the Battle of Tirad Pass. Because of his youth, he was called the "Boy General." The Stage of Guerrilla Warfare Aguinaldo this time was no longer an effective leader at this stage of war. Under the command of General Vicente Lukban in Samar, the Americans also resorted to massacre to avenge the death of their comrades who were killed by the Filipino Guerrillas. General Vicente Lukban The End of Guerrilla Warfare The Capture of Aguinaldo Filipino Casualties and Losses With the help of the Spaniards, Lazaro Segovia, who joined the Filipino forces against the Americans, Colonel Frederick Funston planned the capture of Aguinaldo. Tirad Pass, Ilocos Sur Colonel Frederick Funston April 1, 1901- Aguinaldo was brought to Manila and took the oath of allegiance to the government of the United States. April 19, 1901- Aguinaldo appealed to the Filipino people to accept the "Sovereignty of the United States". Actual proclamation of Aguinaldo's formal surrender Upon Aguinaldo's capture many Filipino field commanders surrendered, while the wealthy Filipinos happily collaborated with the Americans. Simeon Ola in Bicol
Manuel Tomines General Miguel Malvar in Batangas took over the leadership of Filipino government and fought the enemy in running battles. General Miguel Malvar Pacyfying the Landrones, Non-Christian and Moro People Two special provinces
Moro Province in 1903
Mountain Province in 1908 Historians find it difficult give the exact figures of Filipinos who were killed in the battlefields and the number of casualties from the epidemics and the reconcentration camps. General Franklin Bell- who took charge of the bloody campaigns in Batangas. General Franklin Bell December 2, 1899- March and his well-armed men proceed towards Del Pilar's position. *from rich family
*was the most brilliant among the filipino
*studied pharmacy at Manila and in Spain Aguinaldo's Secretary
of Foreign Affairs The Assassination of Luna The Conquest of the Visayas Gen.Martin Delgado Gen. Arcadio Maxilom and
Leonardo Fullon The Kiram-Bates Treaty Datu-Kiram Despite the official declaration of the end of war by President Theodore Roosevelt on July 4, 1902. Recent studies point to the continuation of the fight against the colonizers by the politico- religious group called Landrones. anti-cacques
samahans & confradias
Pulajares in Cebu
"Dios-Dios" in Leyte War end from 1903 to 1913