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What is Psychology?

Unit 1
by

Tim Malroy

on 1 October 2013

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Transcript of What is Psychology?

What is Psychology??
Conclusion
Thank you for your attention!
And one more thing...
is here
Definitions:
*Pre-1920's -- "Science of Mental Life"
*1920-1960's -- "Scientific Study of Observable
Behavior"
*1960's - now -- "Science of Behavior and Mental
Processes"
Titchener -- Wundt's student. Promoted theory
of
Structuralism: Discover the elements of the mind
through use of
Introspection -- Process of documenting
ones thoughts/feelings while engaging in certain
activities.

PROBLEMS:
James published first Psychology textbook:
Principles of Psychology - 1890. Also admitted
first female grad student -
Mary Calkins
. She
was denied her degree but became first female
president of the APA 1905
Origins -- Highlights
*Aristotle and Plato (where thoughts originate)
*Wilhelm Wundt (1879) measured the fastest
and simplest mental processes -- awareness.
Started the first Psych lab and graduate school.
NEED VERBAL, ARTICULATE PEOPLE TO REPORT
MEMORY IS UNRELIABLE
TELLING WHAT YOU FEEL DOESN'T ANSWER WHY YOU FELT IT...
William James -- influenced by Charles Darwin's theory of evolution and natural selection, he
promoted theory of
Functionalism: How do our mental thoughts and behaviors function in
such a way to allow us to adapt and survive, even flourish. James encouraged the study of
memories, will-power, habits.
Combination of Philosophy and Biology and
other disciplines...
Pre 1920's -- concerned with mental processes
(thoughts, emotions, sensations, etc.)
1920's-1960's -- other extreme; Pscyhology
should only study observable behavior w/out
reference to mental processes unseen. (YouTube)
1960's - now -- Science of behavior and mental
processes
Humanistic Psychology: Concerned with factors that influence our growth (mental and
emotional). Focus often on our needs for love and acceptance and how those are developed
and sought after and fulfilled or denied.


Cognitive Neuroscience: How brain activity (physiological processes) are linked to
mental activity (memory, language, information processing). How do we perceive, process,
and remember information.
Other areas of Psychology emerging since 1960
BIGGEST DEBATE IN CONTEMPORARY PSYCHOLOGY...
NATURE VS. NURTURE
HOW MUCH OF US IS PRE-DETERMINED BY OUR GENES OR SHAPED THROUGH EXPERIENCE AND UPBRINGING???
3 MAIN LEVELS OF ANALYSIS
Main Sub-Fields of Psychology
Basic Research
- increase knowledge base
Applied Research
- solve practical problems
Counseling
- assist with problems of living, well-being
Clinical
- study, assess, treat psychological disorders
Psychiatry
- medicine combined with psychological tx
Positive Psych
- study of excellence and strengths
Community
- people and social institutions
Full transcript