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What is Psychology?
Transcript of What is Psychology?
Thank you for your attention!
And one more thing...
*Pre-1920's -- "Science of Mental Life"
*1920-1960's -- "Scientific Study of Observable
*1960's - now -- "Science of Behavior and Mental
Titchener -- Wundt's student. Promoted theory
Structuralism: Discover the elements of the mind
through use of
Introspection -- Process of documenting
ones thoughts/feelings while engaging in certain
James published first Psychology textbook:
Principles of Psychology - 1890. Also admitted
first female grad student -
was denied her degree but became first female
president of the APA 1905
Origins -- Highlights
*Aristotle and Plato (where thoughts originate)
*Wilhelm Wundt (1879) measured the fastest
and simplest mental processes -- awareness.
Started the first Psych lab and graduate school.
NEED VERBAL, ARTICULATE PEOPLE TO REPORT
MEMORY IS UNRELIABLE
TELLING WHAT YOU FEEL DOESN'T ANSWER WHY YOU FELT IT...
William James -- influenced by Charles Darwin's theory of evolution and natural selection, he
promoted theory of
Functionalism: How do our mental thoughts and behaviors function in
such a way to allow us to adapt and survive, even flourish. James encouraged the study of
memories, will-power, habits.
Combination of Philosophy and Biology and
Pre 1920's -- concerned with mental processes
(thoughts, emotions, sensations, etc.)
1920's-1960's -- other extreme; Pscyhology
should only study observable behavior w/out
reference to mental processes unseen. (YouTube)
1960's - now -- Science of behavior and mental
Humanistic Psychology: Concerned with factors that influence our growth (mental and
emotional). Focus often on our needs for love and acceptance and how those are developed
and sought after and fulfilled or denied.
Cognitive Neuroscience: How brain activity (physiological processes) are linked to
mental activity (memory, language, information processing). How do we perceive, process,
and remember information.
Other areas of Psychology emerging since 1960
BIGGEST DEBATE IN CONTEMPORARY PSYCHOLOGY...
NATURE VS. NURTURE
HOW MUCH OF US IS PRE-DETERMINED BY OUR GENES OR SHAPED THROUGH EXPERIENCE AND UPBRINGING???
3 MAIN LEVELS OF ANALYSIS
Main Sub-Fields of Psychology
- increase knowledge base
- solve practical problems
- assist with problems of living, well-being
- study, assess, treat psychological disorders
- medicine combined with psychological tx
- study of excellence and strengths
- people and social institutions