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Transcript of Period of
According to Pociano Pineda, youth activism in 1970 – 1972 was due to domestic and worldwide causes. Activism is connected with
the history of our Filipino youth.
Because of the ills of society, the youth moved to seek reforms. Some continued to believe that the democratic government is stable and that it is only the people running the government who is fault. Some believed that socialism or communism should replace democracy. Some armed groups were formed to bring down the democratic form of government.
The Seeds of Activism
The seeds of activism resulted in the declaration of Martial Law in 1972. We can, however, say that he seeds were earlier sown from the times of
Lakandula, and Rizal.
The revolution against the powerful forces in the Philippines can be said to be the monopoly of the youth in whose veins flow the fire in their blood. What Rizal said of the youth being the hope of the Fatherland is still valid even today.
Period of Bloody Placards
Pineda also said that this was the time when the youth once more proved that it is not the constant evasion that shapes our race and nationalism.There is a limit to one’s patience. It may explode like a volcano if overstrained.
THE LITERARY REVOLUTION
The youth became completely rebellious during this period. This was proven not only in the bloody demonstrations and in the sidewalk expressions but also in literature. Campus newspapers showed rebellious emotions. The once aristocratic writers developed an awareness for society. They held pens and wrote on placards in red paint the equivalent of the word MAKIBAKA.
They attacked the ills of society and politics. Any establishment became the symbol of the ills that had to be changed.
a Palanca first prize
winner for his
collection of poems,
“Mga Duguang Plakard.”
His works appeared on magazines such as Liwayway, Bulaklak, Tagumpay, and Homelife
(Virgilio S. Almario)
Poetry collections: Palipad-Hangin (1985), Katon para sa limang pandama (1987), Sentimental (2004), etc. Second successful modernist movement in Filipino poetry together with Rogelio Mangahas and Teo Antonio.
WRITINGS DURING THE PERIOD OF ACTIVISM
The irreverence for the poor reached its peak during this period of the mass revolution.
This was also during this period that bomba films that discredit our ways as Filipinos started to come out.
Federico Licsi Espino
“Most Brilliant Poet in Tagalog” in 1970.
PALANCA AWARDEES FOR LITERATURE IN ENGLISH
(Established in 1950, the Palanca Memorial Awards for Literature had been giving cash prizes for short story, poetry and one-act play writing as an incentive to Filipino writers. The prizes come from La Tondena, Inc., the firm founded by the late Carlos Palanca Sr. for the list of winners from 1950-51 to 1950-70; we recommended Alberto S. Florentino’s “Twenty Years of Palanca Awards
ENGLISH SHORT STORY
“Beast in the fields”
“Children of the City”
Amadis Ma. Guerrero
Cirilo F. Bautista
Wilfredo Pascua Sanchez
“From Mactan to Mediola”
Federico Licsi Espino ,Jr
“The Tomato Game”
“The Apollo Centennial"
Gregorio C. Brillantes
“After This, Our Exile”
Elsa Martinez Coscolluela
“Batik Maker and other Poems”
Virginia R. Moreno
“The edge of the Wind”
“Tinikling(a sheaf of poems)”
Federico Licsi Espino ,Jr
ENGLISH ONE-ACT PLAY
“The Grotesque among us”
“Age of Prometheus”
Jesus T. Peralta
Alfredo O.Cuenco, Jr
"GRAVE FOR BLUE FLOWER”
by Jesus T. Peralta
“THE UNDISCOVERED COUNTRY”
by Manuel M. Martell
by Rolando Tinio
"Now is the Time for all Good
men to come to the aid of their country"
by Julian Dacanay
by Elsa Martinez Coscolluela
Writers During the Period of Activism
Jose F. Lacaba
Days of Disquiet, Nights of Rage
The First Quarters Storm and Related Events
Mayor Antonio Villegas
Eva Estrada Kalaw
Benigno Aquino Jr.
Philippines Center for the International PEN
(Poets, Essayists, and Novelists)
F. Sionil Jose
Jose W. Diokno
Jose Burgos Jr. (Journalist)
Antonio Ma. Nieva (Journalist)
Lino Brocka (Movie Director)
Leonidas Benesa (Art Critic)
Gloria Rodriquez (Book Publisher)
Anna Leah S. de Leon (Music Critic)
"Marahil dahop and dila ko upang isaulo't ipaliwanag
ang panaginip at kamatayan ng sanglaksang anak-pawis
Saksi ako sa palahaw ng mga dalagitang tila kinakatay na baboy
Habang ginagahasa ng mga hayok na pulitiko't negosyante
Sa sabuyan ng putik ng mga kongresistang pagkuan, kapiling ang kani-kaniyang alipores at Tagapayong Puti ay naguunahang ibenta ang bayan
Ano ang silbi ng kabayanihan? Ng limos na laurel at ginto?
Ipangangalan sa iyo'y isang kalyeng baku-bako o kaya'y lumuting monumentong ihian ng mga lasenggo?"
"Maybe my mind is impoverished to explain, to put to memoryl
The dreams and deaths of the poor
I'm witness to the cries of young girls butchered like pigs
While being raped by greedy politicians and businessmen.
In the mudslinging of congressmen, who at once join their followers and alien advisers who compete to sell their country
What price heroism? Of laurel and golden alms?
They'll name you after a crooked street or a mossy monument which drunkards use for throwing.
"Hands that broadcast sweat
Brandish placards of protest
In the haciendas of Negros
Sugar cane turns bitter
In the rice granaries of Luzon
Hatred, hammers, sickles,
On old newspapers
Students write the rubrica of dissent
Why should they who roast
The suckling grown loan on verbiage?
Why should they who plant and grind
The corn grow thin on grit and homing?
Strike! Strike! Strike!
A dormant hate errupts
Bundok Buntis, Arayat! Kanlaon!
“The Ritual ”-Cirilo F. Bautista