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Political Compass

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Salima Kassam

on 28 March 2013

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Transcript of Political Compass

By Ms. Kassam The Political Compass The Left Right Spectrum Left Conservative Political Ideology Liberal Political Ideology Those that hold liberal views tend to believe in low economic freedoms and high social freedoms. A liberal would believe in government intervention in the economy, and would probably advocate for more equitable marriage laws and the decriminalization of marijuana. Right What's an Ideology? A belief system that is accepted by a group of like-minded people. It consists of a set of attitudes toward various institutions and procedures in society. Fascism A political system in which all aspects of life are strictly controlled by a totalitarian leader. The interests of citizen are considered less important than the interests of the state. Socialism A political system that strives to redistribute wealth throughout society by state ownership of basic industries, banking facilities and natural resources. In socialism, society is run by the working class, not the bourgeoisie Libertarianism Political ideology which advocates "maximum individual freedom and an absence of government intervention in the economy. People should be free to do what they want as long as they don't infringe on the rights of others." (Ruypers et al, 2005) Theoretical Communism A political system, similar to socialism, to the extent that major resources and the means of production are owned by the community, rather than the individual.

It is a classless society with no exploitation, hierarchy or oppression and production is not used simply for profit.

Unlike socialism, communism is violently opposed to capitalism. Real Communism A temporary dictatorship turns into something more permanent. In practice, communism often resembles fascism (i.e. former USSR, Cuba, China). Anarchism "All forms of enforced control and authority are unnecessary and undesirable. It advocates a society based on voluntary cooperation and free association in which government is unnecessary" (Ruypers et al) conservative views liberal
views Those that hold conservative views tend to believe in high economic freedoms and low social freedoms. A conservative would believe in a free market, and would probably advocate for stricter marriage laws and the criminalization of marijuana. So, what exactly do liberals and conservatives believe? The left/right spectrum is an economic scale. As you move left, government has more control over the economy. As you move right, government has less control over the economy. The Social Scale DECLINING FREEDOMS INCREASING FREEDOMS Authoritarianism High government involvement in the social arena. Laws are created in accordance with authority and tradition to limit social and personal freedoms. Libertarianism Low government involvement in the social arena. Laws are created to ensure greater personal and social freedoms. Balanced Social Control High
Control Extreme Social Control Low
Control No Social Control Balanced Economic
Control Low Economic
Control High Economic
Control Extreme
Control No
Control The Political Compass Libertarian Left Right (Low social freedoms) High social freedoms (govt. involvement in economy) free market economy 10 Authoritarian 10 -10 -10 0 The Political Compass Libertarian Left Right (Low social freedoms) High social freedoms (govt. involvement in economy) free market economy 10 Authoritarian 10 -10 -10 0 Nelson Mandela Dalai Lama Pope Benedict XVI Hugo Chavez Mitt Romney Benjamin Netanyahu Stephen Harper Barack Obama Ms. Kassam A High social control, low economic control B High economic privatization, medium/high level of social reform C high govt. control of economy, high social freedoms D High economic control, moderate social control The Economic Scale usage of terror to suppress dissidents nationalism protectionist economy militarization police state imperialist agenda racism RC: Communism, in its ideal form will never actualize because human nature is inherently greedy!

TC: You’re making an assumption that communism will always result in a powerful government or dictatorship akin to the USSR, North Korea, Cuba, and that’s just false!

RC: But it’s true! Communism has always resulted in a corrupt police state or a new ruling class that oppresses the people. Plus, people will only work if they have a motive ($) so communism is impossible.

TC: An oppressive dictatorship will be prevented by the struggle and armed resistance o the masses. In a world of abundance, which is one that communism strives toward, nobody will need to struggle for the necessities of life because they will simply have them as a natural birthright.
Anarchism IS: Absence of authority & a ruler
Individual freedom, voluntary cooperation
"Everyone is the master of their own destiny" (Alan Moore)
"Not absence of order but an absence of rule" (Benjamin Tucker)
Anti-capitalist, anti-state
Opposed to ALL forms of hierarchical organization (religious, political, social, economic) Anarchism is NOT: Chaos, nihilism, no rules, violence and riots
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