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Kant's Moral Theory-Ch5

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Sam Buemi

on 6 August 2014

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Transcript of Kant's Moral Theory-Ch5

Kant's Moral Theory
What is the Right Motive?
Evaluating Kant's Theory
Tuskegee Experiment
Humans as Test Subjects in unethical manner
Study presents need for Personal Autonomy
Historical Background:

Central Figure
in Philosophy
of Enlightenment
2 Questions
Concerned with
What Can I Know?
What Ought I Do?
What Gives An Act
Moral Worth

Not based of consequences
Morality based off Use Value-
Value to the extent of being an instrument
People have
intrinsic value-
should not be "used"
Things are moral if it is of "Good will"
Kant - Not a relativist;
Are Rights & Wrongs
Intention is paramount
Deep respect for those who act out of a will to do the right thing
What is the Right Thing to Do?
What is the Right thing to Do?
Moral Acts;
Must have good intention
Its the motive that counts
Moral Obligation

Ought to Do

Not based on Want

Major Tenet: Categorical Imperative:
What we OUGHT to do
Categorical Imperative
First Form:
"Act only on that maxim you can will to become universal law"
2nd Form: People are autonomous
How are we to treat others?
Treat people as having intrinsic value
Central Aspects:
Morality is REAL & STRICTLY binding
Application of
The Categorical
Duty- interpreted as "The Right Thing"
Moral Equity & Impartiality
Morality derives from similarities, not difference
Impartiality - executed by willing it for all
Consistent truthful actions
Those acting good have
highest moral activity
Moral worth based on our acts
Nuremburg Code-
Consent is essential
Consequences not always under our control
"Act only on that maxim that you can will as a
universal law"
Always treat humanity, whether in your own person or
that of another, never simply as a means but always at
the same time as an end.
Ex: Killer @ the Door
Moral "Ought's"
These morals are because
People are generally similar
Morals are Unconditional
Morals are Necessary
"Hypothetical Imperatives":
-suggestions on how to arrive at a goal
Full transcript