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Transcript of Antigone
Presentation by: Natasha Pereira
- One of the three ancient Greek tragedians whose plays have survived.
- He wrote 123 plays throughout his life, but only SEVEN survived
* The Women of Trachis
* Oedipus the King
* Oedipus at Colonus
- The Theban plays are his most famous tragedies, namely with the characters Oedipus and Antigone.
- Sophocles was most likely born in 497-6 B.C., before the Battle of Marathon in 490 B.C. His place of birth is probably Attica.
- He came from a wealthy family.
- His first competition was at City Dionysia, a festival helf every year at the Theatre of Dionysus.
- Sophocles got first place, and defeated Aeschylus [the then reigning master of Athenian drama, also also often described as the Father of Tragedy].
The Theban Plays
- The Theban plays consists of three plays: Oedipus the King, Oedipus at Colonus, and Antigone.
- All three plays concern the fate of Thebes before and after the reign of Oedipus the King.
- However, Sophocles wrote the three plays for three separate competitions, many years apart.
- The three plays are not an intentional series and have several inconsistencies among them.
- Antigone was written first.
- Sophocles died at the age of ninety or ninety-one at 406-5 B.C.
- cause of death is unknown
About the play:
Upon her arrival in Thebes, Antigone learns that both of her brothers are dead. Eteocles has been given a proper burial, but Creon has issued a royal edict banning the burial of Polyneices, who he believes was a traitor. Antigone defies the law, buries her brother, and is caught. When Creon locks her away in prison, she kills herself.
Meanwhile, not realizing Antigone has taken her own life, the blind prophet Teiresias, Creon's son and Antigone's fiancé Haemon, and the Chorus plead with Creon to release her. Creon finally relents, but he is a little too late, and finds her dead in her jail cell. Out of despair, Haemon and Creon’s wife have by now also killed themselves, and Creon is left in distress and sorrow.
Antigone - the protagonist; she arrives at Thebes to realize that the prophecy about her brothers have come true and that they have killed each other. However, she learns that Creon only buried one of her brothers [Eteocles] and she feels that the other [Polynices] must have a proper burial as well because he is family.
Creon - The antagonist; successor as the ruler of Thebes after the passing of Antigone's brothers. He arrests Antigone for burying her brother even though he claimed him a traitor to the state. He is a man of the law.
- Moral or Divine Law vs. Human Law
- Woman's Stand in Society
- same problem: whether to follow conduct an action according to personal beliefs or according to the law.
- all three focuses on doing what is morally right.
- Antigone fights to bury Polynices in order to bring honor to her family.
- More forceful, where her decisions affect other people
- Siddhartha decides to leave his customs in order to experience the world outside of his scriptures.
- More of a passive fight; agree to disagree.
- The HeLa cells were harvested and have been a great contribution to the world of science.
- The end justifies the means -> the initial immoral act has saved lives.
2) Had a man [or even Haemon, his son] challenged Creon about not burying Polynices, do you think the outcomes would have been different?
1) Who do you think did the right thing? Antigone or Creon?
3) Had this situation happened in today's society, how would the outcomes be different?