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Airplane Design and Length of Flight

Nature of Science Artifact - SCE 5355
by

Katherine Martin

on 22 January 2013

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Transcript of Airplane Design and Length of Flight

By: Kate Pratt-Dannals Paper Airplanes and Length of Flight Leading Question Conclusion How does the shape or design of a paper airplane affect the distance that it travels? Independent Variable:
Shape or design of Paper Airplane

Dependent Variable:
Length the Paper Airplane traveled

Control:
There is no standard for comparison in this experiment Variables I predict that the Arrow design will have the longest flight distance because it has the widest wingspan and therefore has more area to catch the wind as it glides after launching (If the wingspan of the plan is large then it will travel farther than if the wingspan is small). Hypothesis 1. Create the paper airplanes by following templates found online (listed in materials)
2. Design Launching Device
Can create one like mine by screwing 2 pieces of wood together, propping it up on about a 1 in. aluminum rectangular piece, attaching the rubber band to the front screw on either side, and decide on a length that the rubber band will be pulled (mine was pulled 11 1/4 in. from the front)
Can also just use the rubber band and your hands by shooting the plane off of one hand holding the rubber band after pulling it back a specific length each time
3. Prepare each paper airplane for the launch by attaching a small paper clip to the front tip of the plane (to weigh down the tip as recommended by many designers) and the middle of the back end of the plane (to use as a shield that protects the airplane from the rubber band when shooting it off of the launch device)
4. Lay out the tape measure on the ground
5. Clear a path at least 5 ft. wide and teh length of the tape measure to get rid of any obstacles the planes could hit in flight
6. Launch the first airplane at least 3 times and record the length of each flight
7. Repeat the previous step for each plane being tested
8. Average the three flights of each plane by adding the lengths and dividing by the number of flights
9. See which airplane traveled the farthest based on consistency and the average flight distance Procedures Followed My hypothesis was incorrect. The Arrow design did not travel the farthest distance, but the second farthest. The Glider design actually flew the farthest consistently. This makes sense because it is designed to glide over the air instead of moving quickly like the Arrow and Dart designs. Bailey, K. (2006). Fun paper airplanes: Flying tips. Retrived from http://www.funpaperairplanes.com/Flying%20Tips.html.
Kelsey, M.. (2012). The omni wing: High performance paper airplanes. Retrieved from http://www.omniwing.com/index.html.
Smithsonian (2012). How things fly. Retrieved from http://howthingsfly.si.edu/. Background Information Constants Type of printer paper used to make all airplanes
Paper Airplane Launching Device
Rubber band used to launch airplane
Length the rubber band is pulled (marked on device to keep constant)
Angle and height off the ground the device is sitting at
Tape measure used to measure length traveled
Area the launch occurred (over carpet, no fan or A/C, and no obstacles that could be hit)
Weight of each paper airplane (1 piece of printer paper and 2 small paper clips) Results Materials Used 6 different Paper Airplanes (Made with Standard White Printer Paper)
The Canard - http://howthingsfly.si.edu/activities/paper-airplane
The Delta (#1) - http://howthingsfly.si.edu/activities/paper-airplane
The Delta (#2) - http://www.desirulez.net/guyz-corner/203460-how-build-cool-paper-planes.html
The Arrow - http://www.10paperairplanes.com/how-to-make-paper-airplanes/03-the-arrow.html
The Dart - http://www.10paperairplanes.com/how-to-make-paper-airplanes/09-the-dart.html
The Glider - http://www.desirulez.net/guyz-corner/203460-how-build-cool-paper-planes.html
2 Small Paper clips (1 Attached at Front and 1 at Back of Each Plane)
Paper Airplane Launching Device
Wood, Rubber band, Screws, Alluminum Rectangular Pipe
Tape Measure
Sharpie (To Mark the Length the Rubber Band is Pulled on Wood Pieces)
Camera (To take pictures of each design)
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