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Transcript of Salatul Janazah
It is disliked to use a casket or a coffin unless required by law
Body is to be laid on the right side facing the Qiblah
The people lowering the body into the grave are to say
"In the name of Allah and according to the way of Rasoolullah"
Unbaked bricks or bamboo canes are used to seal the opening
The grave is then filled with earth and shaped like a hump
It is disliked to bury the deceased in a vault or crypt or in houses
In todays presentation we will be learning about:
The importance of Salatul Janazah
The proper Islamic etiquette of behavior at funerals
How a Muslim should be buried
Salat-ul-Janazah- Funeral Prayer
Fard Kifayah- A fard (obligation) upon the entire Muslim community
Conditions For Janazah
It is the same as your normal fard prayer rquirements.
One is to be in wudu and be properly covered for salah.
There is no fixed time for this prayer
There is no rukuh or sujud. We remain standing throughout the salah
What Is Salat ul Janazah
Salatul janazah is the funeral prayer
It is a fard kifayah meaning that it is fard upon the entire Muslim community until some of the members perform it
It is something that the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) asked of us to do upon all deceased Muslims
The Prophet (SAW) said that if 100 people attend a persons janazah and sincerely pray for that persons forgiveness, he is forgiven.
Abu Hurayrah narrated that Rasoolullah (SAW) said:
"Whoever follows a funeral procession and offers the prayer for the deceased...will gain a qeerat of great reward. And if he follows the funeral until the dead person is buried, he will be rewarded two qeerats." Abu Hurayrah was asked: "What are the two Qeerats?" He answered:"Great rewards like two mountains."
Salat ul Janazah
Step 1: Ghusl
Step 2: Kafan
Step 3: Salah
Step 4: Procession
Step 5: Burial
Ghusl is when the body of the deceased is washed
A mans body is to be washed by a man and a woman by a woman
If the husband dies the wife may perform the ghusl for him as he is still her husband
Body may be positioned as their feet facing Qibla or their right side.
The body is layed straight on the washing platform, this bench should be lightly fumigated with incense
The major private areas of the body are to be covered with a cloth
The clothes of the deceased are removed and the body is given wudu without rinsing the nostrils or the mouth. If it is a young child who is not to pray, no wudu is given
After wudu, water that has been boiled using lote tree leaves is poured over the body
The head of the body is washed with khitmi (plant)
The body is tilted to the left, and the water is poured from head to toe until the water reaches the side of the bench
Then the body is placed a slightly upright position, the tummy is massaged and all waste that exits the body is to be washed away
Nails, hair and beard are not to be cut or combed
Clean white cotton sheets are to be used for the shroudings (preferred)
The cloth is then scented with aroma from aloe, this is done in odd numbers before the body is placed in them
Sufficient shrouding is the inner wrapping( izar) and outer wrapping (lifafah). For a woman it includes the khimar
The cloth should have no holes, sleeves or pockets and must not be hemmed
Shroud may be knotted if there is a fear that cloth may unfold
3 pieces for men: shirt, izar and lifafah
5 pieces for women
- veil (khimar) to cover head and face
-to cover chest area
It is a fard kifayah
There are 6 conditions
1/2. The deceased is to be a Muslim and in the state of purification
3. Deceased must be placed in front of the people
4. The body should be present or majority of it
5. The people who are praying should be standing unless there is a valid reason
6. The deceased is to be placed on the ground otherwise prayer is not valid.
The Imam will begin by making niyyah and then say Allahu Akbar, raising hands to shoulders, followers will repeat. One is to recite Surah Fatiha or make dua.
Second time Allahu Akbar is said one is to recite As Salat Ul Ibraheem
Third time, make a dua on behalf of the Muslim Ummah " O Allah forgive the sins of those of us who are alive or dead, and those who are among us or far away, males and females, young and adults."
Fourth time after the Imam says Allahu Akbar, turn face to the right and say salam
There should be silence. It is forbidden to play music at the funeral or cry loudly or scream
When carrying the body, one should walk at a quick pace as the Prophet (SAW) said:"Be quick with the deceased, for if it was righteous, then you forward it to welfare, otherwise you put off an evil thing down from your necks."
One should walk behind the body and sit after the coffin has been placed down.
One should conduct themselves in an orderly fashion and wear respectful clothing
Scream or yell
Build fancy graves or spend a lot on the arrangements
Distribute haram substances
Those who were not prayed upon
The prophet (SAW) did not pray upon certain people
The one that commits suicide
One whose debt has not been payed off
Though he did pray on the Muslims that caused trouble.
Eyes of the dead should be closed
Body may be covered with a clean sheet temporarily
One should visit the grieving family and offer condolences
"The eyes shed tears and the heart is grieved, but we will not say anything except what pleases our Lord."
One is to be patient
One may kiss the forehead of the deceased