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Copy of Rizal's Birth, Ancestry, and Childhood
Transcript of Copy of Rizal's Birth, Ancestry, and Childhood
Ines de la Rosa
Francisco Mercado Rizal
Brigida de Quintos
Lorenzo Alberto Alonzo
Manuel de Quintos
Marquis de Canete
Stanislao Manuel Ochoa
His paternal ancestor was Lam-Co, an immigrant from Fujian (Jinjiang,
Quanzhou), South China
Lam-co was baptized in 1697& became Domingo Lam-co
He settled in Biñan, Laguna and married Christian girl Ines de la Rosa
assumed the surname "Mercado" which means Market
Francisco II, changed the family name to Rizal to suit his farming business. Rizal is derived from the Spanish "ricial", meaning green fields.
It is said that Doña Teodara’s family descended from Lakandula, the last native king of Tondo
Her great-grandfather was Eugenio Ursua (Japanese ancestry), who married a Filipina named Benigna
Brigada, married Lorenzo Alberto Alonzo, a prominent Spanish-Filipino mestizo form Binan. Their children were Narcisa, Teodora (Jose Rizal’s mother), Gregorio, Manuel and Jose.
June 19, 1861
According to the accounts, the mother of Rizal almost died during the delivery because of the big forehead.
His name “Jose” was chosen by his mother who was devotee of the Christian saint San Jose
The christening ceremony was officiated by Fr. Rufino Collantes, three days after his birth, the priest was impressed with the big head of Rizal, and commented that the child was destined to become great. His godfather was Father Pedro Casanas, a Filipino priest of a Kalamba family
On 28 September 1862, The parochial church of Calamba and the canonical books, including the book in which Rizal’s baptismal records were entered, were burned.
Fr. Leoncio Lopez
certified the replacement of Jose Rizal's baptismal records
The Governor General when Rizal was born was Lieutenant-General Jose Lemery, fromer senator of Spain. Incidentally, on the same date of Rizal’s birth, he sent an official dispatched to the Ministry of War and the Ministry of Ultramar in Madrid denouncing Sultan Pulalun of Sulu and several powerful Moro Datus for conniving with the British Condul
His mother taught him how to read and write. He was not physically a strong child, but the direction of his first studies was by an unusually gifted mother, who succeeded, almost without the aid of books, in laying a foundation.
He learned the alphabet at the age of 3
Rizal as a little boy also spent much of his time in the church, which was conveniently near
Three uncles, concerned themselves with the intellectual, artistic and physical training of this promising nephew.
Jose, a teacher, looked after the regular lessons.
Manuel developed the physique of the youngster, until he was no longer a sickly. He also taught Jose love for the open air and developed in him a great admiration for the beauty of nature.
Gregorio, a scholar, instilled into the mind of the boy love for education. He advised Rizal: "Work hard and perform every task very carefully; learn to be swift as well as thorough; be independent in thinking and make visual pictures of everything."
When he was four years old, his sister Conception, the eighth child in the Rizal family, died at the age of three. It was on this occasion that Rizal remembered having shed real tears for the first time
On June 6, 1868, Rizal and his father made a pilgrimage to the Shrine of the Virgin of Antipolo. To fulfill the vow made by his mother, should she and her child survive the ordeal of delivery, which nearly caused his mother’s life.
At the age of eight, Rizal wrote his first poem entitled "Sa Aking Mga Kabata"
In 1870 Paciano brought Rizal to Biñan, Laguna. He was placed under the instruction of Justiniano Aquino Cruz, to study Latin and Spanish. Juancho Carrera, to learn to painting