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Transcript of Ancient Mesopotamia
In Mesopotamia, they had many laws they had to follow. If a rich citizen ruins an eye of another rich citizen, their eye will be ruined.
If a rich citizen ruins an eye of a commoner, or breaks the body of a commoner, they'll have to pay one mina or silver. When a rich citizen demolishes another rich citizen's slave, they'll have to pay one-half of the slave's value. When a citizen help slaves of either gender escape the city gates, they will be surely killed.
If a son hits his father, his hand will be cut off. If a woman has not been discreet, been out, ruined her house, and criticize her husband, she will be drowned. Hammurabi's Laws: Government About The Mesopotamian Government. Mesopotamians made a government which includes a mix of monarchy and democracy. Law held an important place in ancient Mesopotamian civilization. In this Mesopotamian civilization, kings ruled the people. Mesopotamians elected officials who served in the Assembly, ruled the people, too. Even the kings had to ask the Assembly for permission to do certain things. Need: Safety. Need: Safety. Rulers of Mesopotamia: Government Early Dynastic Period:
Gilgamesh of Uruk (legendary) -2700 B.C.
Mesanepada of Ur - 2450 B.C.
Eannatum of Lagash - 2400 to 2430 B.C.
Uruinimgina of Lagash - 2350 B.C.
A lot of kings ruled from 2340 B.C. to 330 B.C.
Achaemenid Persian Dynasty
Cyrus II the Great - 559 to 530 B.C.
Cambyses II - 530- 522 B.C.
Darius I - 521 to 486 B.C.
Xerxes - 486 to 465 B.C.
Artaxerxes I - 423 to 405 B.C.
Darius II - 405 to359 B.C.
Artaxerxes II - 358 to 338 B.C.
Artaxerxes III - 338 to 336 B.C.
Darius III - 336 to 330 B.C. Mesopotamian Government and Justice System. In the Mesopotamian government, there were civil servants. The highest position you can be in the Mesopotamian government was a scribe. Scribes worked closely with the king and bureaucracy (body of officials and administrator). Writing down events and writing down commodities (something of use, advantage, or value). King Gilgamesh of Uruk Cyrus II The Great Darius III Beliefs: Religion In Mesopotamia, there were cave painters who drew animals on walls of their caves. They believe in the magic of animism. Neanderthals buried the dead with objects because supposedly, it can be used in the afterlife.
Mankind started banding together in cities/cities states. They had started making models and buildings for gods. They made temples, and those temples had taken over the landscape .
Mesopotamians believe that by the forces of Tiamat and Abzu had mixed from a chaos water, and that made the 4 highest creator gods.
4 HIGHEST CREATOR GODS:
An- the sky god, over-arching the bowl of heaven.
Enlil- the god that could produce crazy storms or can act to help man.
Nin-Khursag- the earth goddess.
Enki- the water god and the patron of wisdom.
Apparently, the gods weren't alone. They had joined an assembly of 50, called Annunaki.
It is said that a lot of spirits and demons share the world with Annunaki. Changes through life: Religion A few of the gods in the pantheon disappeared over time causing personal relationships to different and individual gods, to increase. Babylonians has a fear of their gods and because of many changes in life, the fear encouraged people who worship gods, from a distance. Some religious rituals changed because of the many changes in life. Carved stones were placed in Mesopotamian temples, so that they can pray to their gods/ goddesses.
When the temples were renovating, they would take the old statues and bury them within the building. Mesopotamians worshiped hundreds of gods and goddesses that have different proffesions. Need: Safety. Importance: Religion Need: Food/Water, Shelter, Clothing, and Safety. My learning style are visual, aural and kinesthetic. My experience of doing this project was very amusing, because I have never done a project this large before. The thing I liked about doing this project was that I learned so many new and fascinating things about Mesopotamia. Like, that each city-state had its own god! The difficulties that I encountered were keeping my sources altogether and finding the details and answers for the aspect I chose because there were many that were different. Overall, this project has been a learning experience. Need: Sense of Belonging. Learning Style Religion in Mesopotamia Mesopotamian religion is referred to religious beliefs followed by the Assyrian and Babylonian peoples living in Mesopotamia (which is around Iraq) that controlled the region for a time of 4200 years from the fourth millennium BC to maybe the 3rd century AD. The religion mostly died out 1600 years to 1700 years ago. Mesopotamian religion is still influenced in the modern world because of bible mythology. Need: Sense of Belonging. THE END.