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WHI.2 Paleolithic/Neolithic Age
Transcript of WHI.2 Paleolithic/Neolithic Age
Anthropologist believe that humans first lived in Africa between 100,000 and 400,000 years ago. These early humans were known as Homo sapiens or man who thinks. These early humans were hunter-gatherers who migrated to find food and shelter
The Paleolithic Age or the Old Stone Age lasted from 2 million to about 10,000 B.C.E.
People migrated to follow the animals and to find water and shelter
Created the first tools
The first humans created simple tools from stone, bone and wood. These tools help them to overcome limits set by the enviroment.
Created and used Fire
Early man used fire for warmth, cooking and clearing brush
Lived in Clans
Early humans live in clans of 20-30 people. The women gathered berries and fruits while the men hunted
Developed an Oral Mouth Language
Early man used language to work together during hunts and to communicate
Created cave drawing
Early man created cave drawings to record events. Many of the painting were on animals.
There are six characteristics that describe the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age
The Neolithic Era
The Neolithic Era or New Stone started around 10,000 B.C.E. when early man began to settle. This Era is also known as the start of agriculture or farming
There are four distinct features that make up the Neolithic Era
The Development of Agriculture or Farming
During the Neolithic Age man began to Domesticate (or train for Human use) plants. Plants like wheat, rice, and squash were turned from their wild form to a eatable form through domestication
The Domestication of Animals
During the Neolithic Era man began to train or Domesticate Animals such as wolves horses and cows. The animals were used as food and for their skins
Use of Advance Tools
Once man settle and began to farm they created better tools, such as the plow and the Yoke, more food could be grown thus more people were fed
Development of Skills and Techologies
During the Neolithic Era there was the development of skills such as weaving. The weaving produces cloth made from animal skins and vegetable fibers.
New technologies such as clay made it possible to make pottery for storing and cooking food
Archaeology is the study of past cultures, people and places through their material remains
How does this can reflect our society?
Artifacts can be divided into four catagories
Bones: Show the types of animals that lived in the past and their shape and size.
Example: Human remains and bones from animals
Artifacts: are physical evidence of how humans lived, including their beliefs, values and activities
Examples: Tools, Pottery, and Jewelry
Fossils: Types of plants and animals that existed in the past
Example: animal or plant imprint
Sites and Settlements
Sites and Settlements: Shows the advancement and the physical structures of past cultures
Ex: Stonehenge- found in England and built during the Neolithic Era. Archaeologist believe it was used to watch the movement of the sun and moon
Other Early settlements important
Aleppo- Existed around 6,000 B.C.E. Located today in northwest Syria.
Jericho- Jericho existed between 10,000 and 9,000 B.C.E. It was surrounded by very large walls and is located in present day Israel.
Catalhoyuk- Existed around 7,000 B.C.E. It has hundreds of rectangular mud-brick houses that are connected. It is located in present day Turkey