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Lesson 14: The Constitution
Transcript of Lesson 14: The Constitution
By Ryan K. Connor M. Blake S. Emily D. Ka'i L. and Skylar B.
During this lesson you will be learning about what happened after the revolutionary war. This lesson is about the constitution, the branches of the government, and how money is made from checks and ballences.
The First Government
The Constitutional Convention
In May 1787, 55 delegates met in Philadelphia to improve the Articles of Confederation. Instead, they rewrote it. This meeting was called the Constitutional Convention. People like George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, James Madison, and Governor Morris came and made the new Constitution. Some people, like Madison, wanted one big government. Others feared that they would have too much power, so they didn't want that.
In the end, they decided on a federal system, where the government was split into state governments and a large, national government. The national government was separated into 3 parts: the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch.
The Legislative Branch
The Executive Branch
The Judicial branch
Limiting Power: Keeping Things Balanced
The Judicial branch
By: Skylar and Ka'i
In this chapter we will be discussing the new laws and how they settled disputes between states,and to protect the Constitution.This branch of government was headed by the supreme court.The Judicial branch of government The judicial branch has power during trials which the chief of justice is the judge in these such trial.This branch of government is very important and helps sustain and protect the constitution.
The writers of the Constitution wanted a government that would last, so they made a system of checks and balances, which kept branches from getting too powerful, by letting others limit each other.
For instance, laws. Congress can pass the law, but the president can approve/pass, or veto/decline them. This means that both Congress and the president have to agree on the law, otherwise it won't go into action. Or, if the law does not follow the constitution, then the judical branch can decline it.
Another example of this is something called impeachment, where Congress can challenge, and remove people from the judical/executive branch if they are misusing their power.
These, and many more checks and balances, keep our government in power, but not in too much power that they own us.
The articles of confederation didn't happen until after the revolutionary war. The congress was having a hard time solving the new countries problems. All the power was in the states. The individual states were dealing with their own money. It was trouble to collect taxes and funds. There could not even be a national army to protect American citizens because they could not pay the soldiers.this was a big financial problem. Lots of farmers and former soldiers lost their homes because the didn't have money.Some were jailed. A soldier named Daniel Shays agreed that they should stop the state courts from taking other peoples property. him and hundreds more men participated in an armed revolt. They called it Shay's rebellion.This violence worried the congress They found the need for a better and financial smarter country and that's how we got here today.
By Connor and Ka'i
By: Ryan & Skylar
The Executive Branch carries out or executes the nations laws. The head of the executive branch is the president or the chief executive. The people who work for the president do not want someone to powerful like a king so they limited the power of the president. The presidents do not make the laws so they give speeches at least once a year to give ideas for laws. The president is also incharge of the army and navy. The president has the power to pardon people who are found guilty. In discussions with many other countries, the president represents the U.S.A.
The legislative branch is what you would call, congress. There are two houses to congress. There is the senate and the house of representatives. The number of representatives is depending on the number of people in a state. Congress are the people who help and write the laws. Then, the president can sign (to approve the law) or to veto it( disapprove it). If they sign it, the law becomes a real live law, not an idea. The senate helps decide who has what jobs.( Except for the president.) There is also a congress in a foreign country, so that they can decide if they want to declare war between countries. Congress can also take people's jobs if they disobey the rules.