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Making Sense of Sentences
Transcript of Making Sense of Sentences
Understand purposes of sentences
Make specific sentence choices to write with purpose Types of Sentences What is a sentence? A sentence has a subject (who or what), a predicate (tells what the subject did), and expresses a complete thought.
1. The cat ate the butter.
2. The cat.
3. Ate the butter Declarative
These sentences tell something or make a statement.
Example: The taste buds of a cat cannot detect sugar. Interrogative
These sentences ask questions.
Punctuation: question mark
Example: Why, then, did you buy your cat a cupcake? Imperative
These sentences issue commands or make a request.
Example: Do not give the cat a lollipop.
Note: Commands have an understood subject of "you". What this means is that the reader or listeners understands or knows the sentence is directed towards them. Exclamatory
These sentences show surprise or emotion
Punctuation: exclamation point
Example: I love cats! Every sentence in our language falls into one of four categories. Read the next few slides to learn about them. Don't believe me? Read on! SO WHAT? Using the four different types of sentences can enable you to write with purpose. What does that mean?
Declarative sentences show your command, or control, of language. They show that you mean what you say.
An interrogative sentence will force your reader to think about what you are writing. See what I mean?
An imperative sentence will call your reader to action right away. Use them.
Exclamatory sentences will jolt the reader. BAM! Hook sentences: This should be your very first sentence in any type of writing. These sentences grab the reader's attention and are also known as lead sentences. The best hook sentences are interjections (exclamatory) or rhetorical questions (interrogative). Remember: Without a lead, don't expect your reader to read! Write with purpose, on purpose! Turning Sentences into Paragraphs:
H-S-C / Have Some Class! Support sentences: These are often the reasons you give your reader to support your opinion. Support sentences, in most types of writing, are declarative sentences. You should try to include at least three support sentences in a paragraph. Concluding sentences:
When you finish a piece of writing, give your reader something to do. Consider using an imperative sentence to call them to action. Now, take all that you've learned today and apply it right away! Writer's Challenge:
Write a QUALITY paragraph about your favorite food using the four types of sentences. Color code your sentences! Let's Practice! Watch the clip and record examples of your group's sentence type on the white marker board.