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The Birds of Paradise

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Emma H

on 26 February 2014

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Transcript of The Birds of Paradise

The Birds of Paradise
The Birds of Paradise
Emma Harkin
pd. 1
Papua New Guinea
Wilson's Bird of Paradise
Blue Bird of Paradise
Red Bird of Paradise
King of Saxony Bird of Paradise
Lesser Birds of Paradise
Western Parotia
What Was That?
Those were just a few of the
39 species
of
birds of paradise
,* or
paradisaeidae
. A very high majority of them can only be found in the rainforests of
Papua New Guinea
. Some species of
riflebird
and
manucode
can be found in parts of Australia.

*Some sites said there were 39
species and others said
there were 42.
What about New Guinea has caused these birds to evolve there instead of anywhere else on earth?
The birds of paradise have no natural predators there, so they were free to evolve to attract mates with colorful
plumage rather than have
dull feathers to hide from
predators.
Another reason is that there is plenty of food for the birds of paradise in New Guinea.
Why did the birds of paradise evolve differently than birds in
other countries did?
Without predators to worry about, the birds were free to evolve to have colorful plumes they use to attract mates. These feathers would otherwise give them away to predators. Male birds do little other than eating and displaying.
The only things that hunts them are a few New Guinea tribes that use their feathers as currency.
Their diet consists of fruits, insects, and nuts.
1.
Velasco, Juan. "The Quest To Find All the Birds of Paradise." NATIONAL INFOGRAPHIC. WordPress.com, 9 10 2012. Web. 26 Jan. 2014. <http://juanvelascoblog.com/?s=the quest to find all the birds of paradise&submit=Search>.

2.
Scholes, Ed, and Tim Laman. Birds of Paradise Project. Cornell Lab of Ornothology. Web. 26 Jan 2014. <http://www.birdsofparadiseproject.org/>.

3.
Kalasinskas, Ron. "Bird of Paradise." Animals of the Rainforest. The Honolulu Zoo. Web. 26 Jan 2014. <http://www.heathwood.org/simpson/quicklinks/animalsoftherainforest/birdofparadise.htm>.

4.
"Birds of Paradise." National Geographic. n.d. n. page. Web. 8 Feb. 2014. <http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/birds/bird-of-paradise/>.
Citations

Are the Birds of Paradise the Only Fantastic Creatures Found in New Guinea?
No, there is also a species of endangered butterflies living there. These butterflies are the largest in the world.
Ornithoptera tithonus
Queen Alexandra’s birdwing
Fun Facts
◘A bird is not called a bird of paradise simply because it is in new guinea. (An owl taken to New Guinea is not a bird of paradise.)

◘There are 39 species of birds of paradise in Papua New Guinea. (Some sites said 39, some said 42.)

◘Some manucode and riflebird species can be found in parts of Australia.

◘In captivity, certain birds of paradise can live up to 30 years.
◘Unlike males, female birds of paradise are usually a dull color.

◘The Island Of New Guinea was formed by a volcanic eruption in the Pacific Ocean.

◘Because of the lack of predators, birds of paradise are found on the ground as well as in trees.

◘Birds of paradise are threatened by excessive hunting and habitat loss to logging industries.
RESEARCH QUESTION:
The females of this species have wingspans
reaching 31cm! That's around
one foot!
Reflection
I got the idea to do my project on the birds of paradise before the research project was actually assigned. I was jumping around birdwatching websites when I came across a website about an expedition made to find all of the birds of paradise. When the project was assigned I was thinking, "huh I bet I could do my project on the birds of paradise."
I don't really have any personal connection to the topic but I thought it would be an interesting thing to research.
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