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Is Brazil a developed or a developing country
Transcript of Is Brazil a developed or a developing country
Brazil is a developing country. A developing country is a country with a low living standard, underdeveloped industrial base and low Human Development Index relative to other countries
Brazil’s population 199,321,413 (July 2012)
We look at Brazil’s Gross National Product per capita to measure its wealth.
Gross National Product per capita is the total amount of money earned divided by the total number of people living in the country. Brazil’s Gross National Product per capita is 11,340 in USA dollars from 2008 to 2012. We can see that its GDP is the top 6 in the world Brazil’s economy has a decrease in growth rate of 0.9 % in the last 4 years. Which means Brazil has an overall growth in its economy but reduced in recent years? And because many people still live in poverty in Brazil, they have a very low income and there is a big difference between the number of rich and poor and also a big gap between the rich and poor. It’s the poor who always have the worst living standard in Brazil it’s them who faces the problem of high birth and death rate.
Brazil has a high birth rate (15.2 births/1,000 population) which is the number of live babies born for every 1000 people in the total population. Which is mainly due to that many parents will have a lot of children in the expectation that some will die because of the high infant mortality rate of 20.5 deaths/1,000 live births (infant mortality rate is the number of children out of every 1000 born alive who die before their first birthday). In the other hand, developed countries have a low birth rate, just the opposite of developing countries; this is mainly because of more women prefer to concentrate on their careers. This also shows the difference in sexual equality in developing and developed countries.
Brazil has high death rates, which is 6.5 deaths/1,000 population, death rates means the number of people in every 1000 who die each year. Brazil has such a high death rate is because in many cases, there are dirty, unreliable water suppliers, poor housing conditions, poor access to medical services, diets that are short in calories or protein. We can see that the standard of living in Brazil is not good. Also because of the lack of health care and nurses and doctors, many people have a poor diet, therefore it causes the increase of the death rate. Instead, developed countries have low death rates, which mean they have less people dying than developing countries per year. This is because they have good housing conditions, safe water supplies, more than enough food to eat and advanced medical services which are easy to access. Therefore they have a lower death rate than developing countries, like Brazil.
Brazil has a life expectancy of 74 years, which is 6 years lower than the OECD average of 80 years. In term of employment, over 68% of people aged 15 to 64 in Brazil have a paid job, which they mainly involved in service industries and workers. In Brazil, 41% of adults aged 25 to 64 have earned the equivalent of a high- school degree, which is less than the OECD average of 74% and in terms of education quality, the average student scored 401 in reading literacy, maths and science in the OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment( PISA). This score is lower than the average of 497.
In general, people in Brazil is satisfied with their lives, higher than the average of OECD average of 80%, with 82% of people saying they have more positive experiences in an average day than negative ones.
In conclusion Brazil is a developing country