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Organic and Inorganic Chemistry

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Lauren Plomer

on 3 April 2013

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Transcript of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry

Organic Inorganic vs. Table of Contents -Introduction
-Review of the Basics
-History
-Organic Chemistry
-Inorganic Chemistry
-Blurring The Lines
-Conclusion Kaylee Kennedy
Lauren Plomer
Conner Schwab
Erin Ton Blurring the Lines Between
Organic And Inorganic Compounds Periodic Mesoporous Organosilicas Chemistry What Is Organic Chemistry? Let's Do An Activity Type of chemistry that involves carbon and compounds consisting of carbon We said that organic molecules are compounds that contain carbon, right? However, some carbon compounds are inorganic. Iron
cyanide
complexes Carbon Dioxide Carbon
Tetrachloride sodium
bicarbonate Inorganic
Carbon
Compounds WHY? By the earlier definition, that organic compounds come from living things, these carbon compounds were not classified as organic because they came largely from minerals. Though we no longer use the same definition, some of the divisions remain. Also, most organic compounds contain hydrogen along with carbon,
but iron cyanide complexes, carbon dioxide, carbon tetrachloride, and sodium bicarbonate don't. This is not concrete evidence, though.
Organic compounds don't need to have hydrogen What is Inorganic Chemistry? What did you learn? Inorganic Chemistry is basically the opposite of organic chemistry. Inorganic Compounds do not usually contain carbon Generally speaking,
Inorganic Compounds are not associated with biological (life) functions. Common Wrong Answers:
-Oxygen
-Nitrogen
-Hydrogen However, this last wrong guess is actually not too far off. Hydrogen and hydrogen bonds are very common in organic molecules. There are over 1 million inorganic compounds. Including: -Water (H2O)
-Salt (NaCl)
-Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) The
Basics Elements: What Are They? Electrons: What Are They? Compounds: What Are They? Why Are They Important? Thanks for Listening! What Inorganic Chemistry is Used For (Memorize) Pretty much the whole universe uses inorganic chemistry. Especially humans!!!! -Catalysis
-Materials science
-Pigments
-Surfactants
-Coatings
-Medicine
-Fuel
-Agriculture. HUMANS!!! Wohler's experiment proved the vital force theory to be wrong. Since then, scientists have found many ways of making organic compounds with inorganic compounds. He created urea instead, a compound found in urine. In 1828, Frederick Wohler mixed silver or lead cyanate with ammonium nitrate, intending to make ammonium cyanate, an inorganic salt. Before 1828, this would be considered correct. This is a very good guess.
-The Vital Force Theory (Vitalism) was proposed
-Idea that a "vital force" existed within organic material but did not exist in any inorganic materials. On the quiz, most people said that the difference between organic and inorganic compounds is organic compounds are made naturally and inorganic compounds are man-made. History In general, an organic molecule is naturally found in or produced by
Living Systems Typically consists of carbon atoms in rings or long chains in which other atoms
can then be attached There Are Currently Over 10 Million Organic Compounds -DNA
-Table sugar (Sucrose)
-Methane Including: These compounds can be formed because of COVALENT BONDS Carbon has the ability to form bonds with many different elements. Valence Electrons: What Are They? It has 4 valence electrons, and needs four to be happy. Why is Organic Chemistry Important? New Compounds Can Be Created!!!! These Compounds can be very beneficial for HUMANS! Very Important in Making: -Rubber -Plastics
-Fuel -Pharmaceuticals
-Cosmetics -Detergent
-Coatings -Dyestuffs
-Agrichemicals Can Be Found in Most High Tech Technoogy Scientists can manipulate Organic Compounds to Decrease Side Effects to Cure Diseases Most Objects are not just organic or just inorganic. They are a combination of both. For example,
GOOP This gives it the ability to form many complex compounds. Covalent Bonds What Are They?
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