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Section 3 Politics in the Gilded Age

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by

Jillian Kreglow

on 2 October 2013

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Transcript of Section 3 Politics in the Gilded Age

Ch. 15 Immigrants and Urbanization
By: Jillian Kreglow & Rachel Spanitz

Objectives:
Discuss "The Machine" and its impact on immigrants
Discuss fraud elections and the use of graft to help political bosses gain votes
Immigrants and "The Machine"
Captains and political bosses were first generation or second generation immigrants
They worked their way up from the bottom to have a voice in politics
They could understand immigrant languages and the difficulties they had faced
But, they could provide solutions to the difficuties immigrants faced when they came to the United States
The solution was "The Machine"
The Machine
Machines were not real machines; they were political organizations made of political bosses who helped support immigrants
Machines helped with:
~naturalization (attaining full citizenship)
~housing
~jobs
~These are the most essential needs for
newcomers
In return for the machines, the immigrants provided the political bosses votes
"Big Jim" Pendergast, and Irish-American saloonkeeper, worked his way up from precinct captain to Democratic city boss
He helped aid Italian, African-American, and Irish voters in his territory
By 1900, he also controlled Missouri state politics
Election Fruad
The loyalty of voters was not enough to have a full election process
This caused the machines to become fruad
Fake names were used by the commited party members
They casted as many votes as they needed to win the election
Section 3: Politics
in the Gilded Age

http://recruiterpoet.com/2010/11/12/the-rich-roots-of-diversity-this-day-in-history-ellis-island-closes-its-doors/
http://www.wolverhamptonhistory.org.uk/people/at_home/housing/cottages
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=big+jim+pendergast&hl=en&biw=1272&bih=637&tbm=isch&tbnid=nDfN0z31KnxHbM:&imgrefurl=http://www.peisportshalloffame.ca/inductees/jim-big-jim-pendergast/&docid=5J6ioUe9QN5AXM&imgurl=http://www.peisportshalloffame.ca/assets//Better-Big-Jim-Pendergast.jpg&w=400&h=588&ei=T3JJUtGmJYfg8wTp7YD4Bg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=325&vpy=91&dur=5797&hovh=272&hovw=185&tx=101&ty=186&page=1&tbnh=150&tbnw=101&start=0&ndsp=31&ved=1t:429,r:2,s:0,i:85
http://sites.psu.edu/reshmablog/2012/11/16/women-runs-over-husband-for-not-voting/
Graft
Machines got canidates into office and took advantage of graft
-illegal use of political influence for
personal use
Workers would give "kickbacks" (illegal payments for services) to political machines and bosses
http://www.forbes.com/fdc/welcome_mjx.shtml
Graft Continued
Machines granted favors to businesses in return for cash and accepted bribes to allow illegal activities
Police rarely interfered until 1890
-in 1890 police forces were hired
and fired by political bosses
http://www.cincinnatilibrary.org/features/police.asp
"Big Jim"
Extra Facts
Between 2000 and 2010 there were 649 million votes cast in general elections and 13 cases of in-person voter impersonation
To date, 46 states have prosecuted or convicted cases of voter fraud.
Works Cited
Bowes, John F. The Americans. Orlando:
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, 2012. Print.
Truethevote.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept.
2013. <http://www.truethevote.org/news/how-widespread-is-voter-fraud-2012-facts-figures>.
Voterfraudfacts.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 30
Sept. 2013. <http://voterfraudfacts.com/index.php>.
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