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Non Governmental Organisations
Transcript of Non Governmental Organisations
NGOs - Impasse for development by Tanya Puravankara, Kiranpreet Bains and AbdelRahim Kadok
What are NGOs?
NGOs around the world
Up until 1970s
- Service Provision
- Emergency Relief
Roll back of SAPs
and neo-liberal practices
"Good governance" agenda
State at centre stage
The rise of neo-liberal ideology
The NGO boom
The state is seen to have failed to deliver development because “it relies on bureaucratic mechanisms and seeks enforced compliance with government decisions, that are made by experts according to technical principles and criteria following policy objectives set by top officials (Uphoff, 1993, p610)
NGOs and the State
Accountability and Sustainability of the NGO model
Need for the state
Participation in governance
Politics of inclusion
Long term solutions and sustainability
seeks development through a change in political structure
Project based development, based on service provision
Case Study of Ethiopia
NGOs and the world
Civil society in Ethiopia
“Untrained staff, and limited exposure to the non-profit world, many demonstrated minimal comprehension of their proper role” (Clark,2000,6).
Relief to development shift
Field Work Experience
NGOs vs. class inequalities
NGOs foster a new type of cultural and economic colonialism and dependency.
Projects are designed, or at least approved, according to “guidelines” and priorities of the imperial centres or their institutions.
They are administered and “sold” to communities. Because of that, people perceived NGOs are local agents of imperialism.
Massive foreign funding, often from Western governments, may add to this picture.
NGOs vs. the state
Undermining Nationalization .
Weakening of Power Structure.
Zapatista Movement - Mexico
Oppose Neo-Liberal Agenda.
Oppose Political System In Mexico.
NGOs versus Socio-political movements
Challenges facing the NGO sector in Ethiopia
No government support
Lack of resources
Little or no funding
The FFHC started up in Ethiopia in 1985.
It was set up in Ethiopia to help reduce the effects of famine and drought.
1993 - The TGE set new regional boundaries.
The problems were highlighted by the evaluative missions of 1988 and 1991.
Not all of FFHC's programmes were failures in Ethiopia.
FFHC credit scheme encouraged the rich to get richer.
'Trickle down' effect didn't occur.
FFHC was achieving only short term aims not long term aims.
Participation was not full implemented.
Farmers became too dependent on FFHC programmes.
Neo Liberal Ideologies & NGO
Weakening of the left
NGO-ization of everything
Kenneth Roberts in Deepening Democracy (1998) argues that class inequality has developed in civil participation.
A strong class bias.
Reaffirm existing class inequalities.
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