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Copy of Information Literacy

Created for News Know-How Program at the San Antonio Public Library

Kelly Sereno

on 8 November 2018

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Transcript of Copy of Information Literacy

Search Ethics
Research Process with the Big 6

Information Literacy
What is information literacy anyway?
"Information Literacy is the set of skills needed to effectively and efficiently find, retrieve, analyze, and use information."
Who needs to be information literate?

Because "[b]eing information literate ultimately improves our quality of life as we make informed decisions."
Information Literacy "allows us to cope by giving us the skills to know when we need information and where to locate it..."
"[D]ata smog is produced by the amount of information, the speed at which it comes to us from all directions, the need to make fast decisions, and the feeling of anxiety that we are making decisions without having ALL the information that is available or that we need."
Locate sources of information efficiently and find information within sources
Consider possible sources of information and select best sources for task
Organize, Present and Evaluate information found.
Use information, legally and ethically, to accomplish a specific purpose.
How do we begin the research process?
How do we conduct efficient searches?
How should we cite our sources?
Copyright Infringement:
occurs when copyright has been violated; this includes photos, video, music, software programs websites and other original content.
The Wet Test
Divide into groups of 2
Quick Assignment
Not finding what you'd hope to find?
Think about another keyword you might use!
Let's Practice!
Now, what should we do next?
Check ALL sources for the following:
1) Is there an author listed?
2) Who sponsors the page?
3) Is the author/sponsor an "expert?"
1) Is the article written for children, experts, etc.?
2) Is jargon used?
1) Is the page sponsored by an organization that is trying to sell something?
2) Is the author trying to sway your opinion?
1) Is the site dated?
2) Is the work current?
3) Are the sources used current?
1) Are sources cited?
2) Are there spelling/grammatical errors?
In general, you'll evaluate sources based on 6 criteria.
Overall Quality
" refers to the idea that too much information can create a barrier in our lives."
Determine the problem and what information is needed.
Information Literacy is important because it "is the solution to 'data smog.'"
"Information literacy is needed to guarantee the survival of democratic institutions. All men are created equal but voters with information resources are in a position to make more intelligent decisions than citizens who are information illiterates."
-U.S. Representative
Major R. Owens
What sources are available at WUHS
What are the best kinds of sources for our project?
Step 1 Task Definition: What
info. is needed?
Step 3 Location and Access: How can I find sources and information in sources?
Step 4 Use of information: How will I use information?
a. read, hear, view info.
b. find relevant info. to answer researchable questions
Step5: Synthesis: How will I organize and present the information?
a. pull info. from many sources
b. organize/present info.
A database is a searchable, electronic (online) collection of published resources that are organized in a logical way. A database is NOT the same as "the internet."
Basic searching in a database involves using "keywords" and "Boolean operators," which help broaden or narrow search results.
OR = broaden
AND = narrow
NOT = narrow
What are some key terms we might use for this particular project?

Remember to practice with Boolean operators!
"the practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as one's own."
In order to avoid plagiarizing and/or violating copyright law, we must cite our sources.
We cite sources based on certain styles, such as MLA, APA, Chicago, Turabian, Harvard, etc.
Academic Search Complete
Owned by EBSCO
"the world's most valuable and comprehensive scholarly, multi-disciplinary full-text database"
5,300+ full-text periodicals
4,400+ peer-reviewed journals
9,300+ journals
9,800+ publications, including indexing, abstracts, monographs, reports, conference proceedings, etc.
2nd group member:
Find an article using Academic Search Complete
1st group member:
Find an article ONLINE
Pick a topic from the following: bullying, drugs, texting and driving, depression, pregnancy, friends, grades, STDs, sports, war, gossip, self-esteem, health, alcohol
Try using Boolean operators too!
Overall Quality
1) Would the source "pass inspection" among a group of experts?
Little Brown Handbook!
Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL)!
Academic Search Complete!
News Know-How Teens!
Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary!
Step 2 Information Seeking Strategies: What sources should I use?
Step 6 Evaluation: How do I rate my product and the process?
a. judge your final product
b. judge your process
Right Now:
At your table, list four adjectives that describe how you feel about research assignments
List three sources you would head to first to get information
Topic: Cultural importance of Martial Arts in Japanese History
Question: I have decided to become
a master of the Japanese martial arts.
I have read that many forms of
Japanese martial arts have a very
strong tradition, code of honor, and
behavior. Develop a 6-month
training plan for me that incorporates
all of these aspects so that I can become
a formidable Japanese warrior.
Print Sources
Digital Sources
Get to know the DDC

Have you ever gone
to the library
and wondered
how to find the
books you want?

Get to know the DDC

Did you know that your library has a
great way of organizing its books
so that you can find them easily?

Get to know the DDC

Meet Melvil Dewey

•He changed his name to Melvil Dewey from Melville Louis Kossuth Dewey

•Founder of the Library Journal and the American Library Association

•Started the first school for Librarians

•He helped organize the Lake Placid Olympic games in 1932

•Most importantly he came up with the system that classified books with decimal numbers

Get to know the DDC

What is the Dewey Decimal System?

The system coordinates materials on the same subject and on related subjects to make items easier to find on the shelves by using a combination of letters and numbers

Get to know the DDC

Canned goods on one shelf

Breakfast cereals and grains
on a second shelf

Baking goods on a third shelf

Snacks on a fourth shelf

The DDC helps libraries arrange
the items so that library users
can find them. It’s a lot like an
organized kitchen pantry:

Get to know the DDC

The books on each shelf are arranged

in number order, but if you need help,

someone who works at the library

can help you.

Get to know the DDC

Once you have the number for the book
you need, you can go find the row of books
where the book you want should be.

That’s how the DDC is arranged—by topic.
The DDC has lots of topics—
thousands of them!

The topics in the DDC are arranged into
ten main classes:

750 Painting
760 Graphic arts
770 Photography
& computer art
780 Music
790 Sports, games
& entertainment

700 Arts
710 Landscaping &
area planning
720 Architecture
730 Sculpture, ceramics
& metalwork
740 Drawing & decorative

These ten main classes are each divided
into ten divisions, like this:

Get to know the DDC


You’ll see all of these numbers on the
LEFT side of the decimal point. But what
about the numbers on the RIGHT side of
the decimal point?

Get to know the DDC

The numbers on the right side are used to
divide a specific subject into even more
specific parts of a subject.

For a book on 16th century Italian poetry,
look for 851.4
For a book on dog training, look for 636.70887
For a book on extreme sports, look for 796.046

It’s like sorting your socks by color, or music CDs by performer or type of music.

Get to know the DDC

a. Locate sources
1. physically -to efficiently locate sources in the library, we will need to become comfortable using the WUHS SHARE Automated Catalog

2. intellectually -Efficiently locating and accessing sources also involves identifying keywords and broadening or narrowing our search using limiters
c. Find information within sources

Task Definition
a. define what your
information problem
(Essential Question!)
b. make your task manageable
(narrow your topic)
c. Ask researchable questions
Narrow Your Own Chart


Narrowing Chart

Taken from http://www.kernhigh.org/Instruction/Instruction/InformationLiteracy.aspx

Narrowing a Topic
Consider the following:
-What you already know
-Specific time period to cover
-Geographic region or country on which to focus
-A particular

of the topic that interests you
Historical influence
Sociological aspects
Specific groups or individuals

General Specific More Specific Very Specific

Japanese History

McKenzie, Jamie. “Prime Questions.” http://questioning.org/module/module2.html
Valenza, Joyce. “For the Best Answers, Ask Tough Questions. Philadelphia Inquirer. April 20, 2000.

Most important thinking requires one of these . . .

Yes/No: Answered with a Yes or No
Is Lodi larger than Stockton?

Inch: Answered with a single word or phrase
What is the population of Stockton?

Yard: Answered with a sentence or short phrase
What is the Lodi water source?

Mile: Has several answers and opposite sides that need to be considered so is the best for research
How can California prepare for years of drought?


Types of Questions

1. How many people die in the United States in automobile accidents caused by drunk drivers each year?
A. essential
B. not essential

2. What is the most effective strategy to prevent teenage drinking?
A. essential
B. not essential

3. Which organizations work to educate the public about the dangers of drinking and driving?
A. essential
B. not essential

4. Is there peer pressure on teens to drink alcohol?
A. essential
B. not essential

5. Who are popular hip-hop artists today?
A. essential
B. not essential

6. Does religion have a place in public schools?
A. essential
B. not essential


What Type am I?

Which Question Matters?

Most Important Thinking Requires One of These Kinds of Questions:

a. Determine all sources
b. Select BEST sources

often requires seeking
background knowledge!
... Dewey Decimal System ...

... Dewey Decimal System ...


Collective biography

ndividual biography

Story Collection
Audio Book and book itself
b. Use search strategies
Dewey Number
Cutter Number
Non- Fiction
Full transcript