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Ronald Reagan Assassination Attempt

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by

Erin Splain

on 24 June 2013

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Transcript of Ronald Reagan Assassination Attempt

Ronald Reagan
Assassination Attempt

When and Where

-March 31, 1981, Washington
D.C.

- President Reagan was leaving Washington Hilton Hotel after a speaking engagement

What happened?
-Hinckley waited in a crowd, all waiting to see the President

-He then pulled out his Rohm RG-14 .22 Cal Revolver, and fired 6 times

-The final shot made contact with the president after ricocheting off of his armored limousine

-The bullet penetrated Reagan under his left arm, piercing his lung, and stopped and inch before his heart
Rohm RG-14 .22 Cal - weapon used by Hinckley
John Hinckley Jr. - attempted assassin
X-ray of Reagan's wound
Bullet wound
Why did Hinckley do This?
-Diagnosed with the mental illness erotomania; a type of delusion in which the affected person believes that another person, usually a stranger, high-status or famous person, is in love with him or her.

-In Hinckley's case, this person was Jodie Foster.
-after watching the movie "Taxi Driver",
Hinckley became obsessed with Foster

-He would write her many notes...but she never responded

-He believed that the only way to win her attention was to kill the President
By: Erin Splain
What happened to Hinckley?
-found not guilty by reason of insanity

-has remained under institutional psychiatric care since the day of the shooting
Public Reaction
-Public out cry led to the Insanity Defense Reform Act of 1984

-Creation of
The Brady Bill (T
he Brady Handgun

Violence Prev
ention Act)


Insanity Defense Reform Act of 1984
-In light of the attempted murder, this Act made it substantially more difficult to obtain a verdict of "Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity"
" If the attacker is rational mentally, stable emotionally, and fanatic politically, he will not be deterred. Nor will an irrational, effectively disturbed individual be deterred."

- Lawrence Z. Freedman
The Creation of the Brady Bill

Requires...
- Background check on anyone wishing to purchase a firearm of any kind
-has been convicted in any court of a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year

-is a fugitive from justice

-Is an unlawful user of/or addicted to any controlled substance

-has been adjudicated as a mental defective or committed to a mental institution

-is an alien illegally to or unlawfully in the U.S.

-has been discharged from the armed forces under dishonorable charges

-having been convicted in any court of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence

-has a record of being a felon
Restricts some one from owning a gun if person...
Brady was se
verely injured, be
ing shot in the head left him
paralyzed from
the neck down for life. Bill was si
gned on

Nove
mber 30, 1993 by President Bill Clin
ton. Na
med after Brady.
People Involved
-John Hinckley Jr. - attempted assassin



-President Ronald Reagan - target



-James Brady - victim, press secretary



-Thomas Delehanty - victim, police officer



-Timothy McCarthy - victim, secret service agent
The Brady Bill Today
- From 1994 to 2009, over 107 million Brady background checks were conducted
-1.9 million attempted firearm purchases were blocked by the Brady system
felons accounted for 56% of denials
fugitives accounted for 13%
Because of the Brady Bill, more than 1.8% of attempted fire arm purchases have been denied. A seemingly small number, but there is no doubt that this bill has potentially saved countless lives.
Works Cited

Welch, William M. "Ronald Reagan Assassination Attemp Effect." USA Today. N.p., 01 Jan. 2011. Web. 08 June 2013.

"Brady Bill Law & Legal Definition." Brady Bill Law & Legal Definition. US Legal, n.d. Web. 24 June 2013.

Caplan, Lincoln. "The Insanity Defense, Post-Hinckley." The New York Times. N.p., 17 Jan. 2011. Web. 08 June 2013.

Collins, Kimberly, Gabe Hinkebein, and Staci Schorgl. "The Hinckley Trial and the Insanity Defense." The Hinckley Trial and the Insanity Defense. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 June 2013.

"Reagan Assassination Attempt." YouTube. YouTube, 13 Dec. 2010. Web. 08 June 2013.

"Ronald Reagan Speaking about Assassination Attempt." YouTube. YouTube, 05 Sept. 2008. Web. 08 June 2013.
President Reagan's Reaction...
Full transcript