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Water Crisis

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Sarah Katz

on 26 May 2015

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Transcript of Water Crisis

Water Changes Everything
The Water Crisis Is Solvable
The Water Crisis
What Is The Water Crisis?
diminishing water:
the water that we have is diminishing because of the amount of water people use.
contaminated water
: the people who do not have access to clean water sources are drinking contaminated water and getting sick.

Fresh Water
Freshwater is defined as having a low salt concentration — usually less than 1% (ucmp.com)
Lets focus on a family in Africa during the water crisis.
Water Crisis In America
Why is water important?
The average american has easy access to drinking water.
The water crisis is happening mostly in Sub Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, and Latin America. Many Americans are not educated about the water crisis.
And almost one billion people are living in the water crisis! That about 3 times the population in the United States.

3 Types Of Water
Blue Water:
water that comes from lake, rivers, oceans, ext.
Green Water:
rainwater used by crops
Gray Water:
amount of water needed to clean polluted water so that we can use it
United States And Water
The Average American uses 2,000 gallons of water a day. Which is equivalent to 40 showers. 95% of that is used on the things we eat, buy, and do. Americans consume twice the global average amount of water. For example according to sources an American who takes a 5 minute shower uses more water, then a some people in a developing country use in a day.
634 gallons of water are used to make a hamburger
700 gallons of water are in a shirt
13 gallons of water are in a gallon of gasoline.
37 gallons of water are in 1 cup of coffee
"it takes between 3,000 gallons and 6,000 gallons of water to power a 60-watt incandescent bulb for 12 hours a day over the course of a year." (cnet.com)

"A United States-wide tally shows that power generation requires 655 billion gallons of water a year." (cnet.com)
For someone living without clean water, water impacts everything. It impacts education, health, money, and the people who are most impacted by the water crisis are women and children.

3 Hours
In total all the woman in Africa alone spend about 40 billion hours a year collecting water.

The germs in the water can cause Diarrhea, Dehydration, and even death. The children and babies get really affected by these germs. Actually every day about 4,100 children under the age of five die from diarrhea alone. Another 2,350 children under the age of five die from not getting enough nutrients due to unclean water, and “ inadequate sanitation, and hygiene”. Sadly according to sources that means that about every 20 seconds a mother loses one of her children to a water related illness. All of this adds up almost 1.5 million children who die from diarrhea every year. 30,000 of these are children under the age of five.

For 6 million years the Colorado river connected to the sea and now it does not. The last 90 miles of the river are now completely dry and 30 million people depend on the Colorado river for clean drinking water.
The river is loosing water partly because of how much water americans use but also because there has been many droughts. Also when the weather gets very hot it evaporates the water in the Colorado river. Another reason is that many tourists have come to states that the Colorado river is in and hotels are being built where they should not be. More people means more water being used.
Why Is This Bad
Almost every activity a human can do is depended on water!
According To Sources
A World With No Water
A lot of fighting
No Water Future

“In 1995 World Bank vice president Ismail Serageldin made a much quoted prediction for the new millennium: "If the wars of this century were fought over oil, the wars of the next century will be fought over water."” (how stuff works)

Currently many wars are starting because of limited water.
A little while ago in 2003, there was a war that started because of limited water in Sudan, 400,000 Africans lost their lives to this war,
More recently in 2007, in the united states a verbal water war broke out. The Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin and the Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa River Basin are river that give fresh water to many Americans in Alabama, Georgia, and Florida. When they lessened after a drought the three states got into a war. But this was a war of words not bullets.

“According to the United Nations, water use has grown at more than twice the rate of population increase in the last century. By , an estimated billion people will live in areas plagued by water scarcity, with of the world's population living in water-stressed regions as a result of use, growth, and climate change.” (natgeo)

It Will Just Take Some Hard Work!
By Sarah N. Katz
With the clean water there is less disease, with less disease there is less money spent on medication, with that extra money a family can buy books, food, and other things they need. Actually if there is a water crisis solution built near a school it can improve attendance mostly by young girls.

Change The Course
Salt Water?
Salt Water can be made drinkable but it costs a lot of money to do it. According to sources it costs around 5-10 times more money to do the process of purifying saltwater rather then getting it from your tap. The process is called Desalination
Hidden Happiness
In Nature saltwater becomes freshwater when the heated water evaporates and leaves salt and germs behind and then falls as rain water. Distillation plants speed up this process because they use artificial hot and cold air. "distillation plants are often located alongside power plants, where waste heat is available to bring the water up to a volatile temperature. "(howstuffworks)
70% is not accessible

The UN said "World population is expected to increase by 2.6 billion (people) over the next 45 years, from 6.5 billion today to 9.1 billion in 2050." Our freshwater sources are diminishing not growing. There will not be enough water to supply 9.1 billion people. Think about it 2050 is only 36 years away.
Work Cited
“A World Without Water” villagevoice.com. Otis, Ginger, Tuesday, August 20 2002

“Exactly what happens if we run out of water?” howstuffworks.com. Clark, Josh, n.d.

“Fresh Water Crisis” nationalgeographic.com. n.p, n.d.

“How many gallons of water do you need to power a lightbulb?” cnet.com. LaMonica, Martin, April 17, 2008.

n.p, changethecourse.us change the course. 2014. May 2014

n.p, charitywater.org. charity.water. 2014. May 2014

n.p, water.org. water.org. 2014. May 2014

“Press Release POP/918” un.org. n.p, 24 February 2005

“The freshwater biome” ucmp.berkeley.edu. n.p, n.d.

“The Importance Of FreshWater” freshwaterlife.org. n.p, n.d.

“The unprecedented water crisis of the American Southwest” theweek.com. Weaver, Francis, February 1st 2014

“Water Footprint of an American” nature.org. n.p, n.d.

“What makes up Fresh Water?” eschool.com. n.p, n.d.

“Why can't we convert salt water into drinking water?” howstuffworks.com. Gerbis, Nicholas, n.d.





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