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First People and European Explorers

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colin allum

on 2 October 2012

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Transcript of First People and European Explorers

First People and European Explorers What do you know about the first explorers who came to Canada? Who were the FIRST people and how did they get to the Americas? Theories of the first people's arrival: 1) The Beringia Theory (aka The Land Bridge Theory) Suggests that ocean levels dropped about 65 to 138 metres during the ice age that occurred in the last million years. Large masses of land exposed formed a continent-sized land bridge joining Siberia and North America. 2) The Great Spirit Many Native people believe that the North American First People were created here by the Great Spirit. Ways of Life The following map divides the First People into 6 groups according to their traditional way of life.
These ways of life were closely related to the land where they lived. Native People: Lived throughout the regions of Canada and were well adapted to their environments. Groups that settled near the oceans concentrated on fishing. Forest people were hunters. Other groups made good use of the land and became farmers. What is a NATION? A nation is a group of people who
live in a certain area
speak the same language
have the same way of live
have the same system of decision making(government)
belong to the same group Iroquoians: They used the rich soil to become farmers Algonquians: They hunted and fished Plains: The Plains peoples used buffalo to supply their needs Northwest Coast: The Northwest Coast peoples used products from the sea and the forests to satisfy their needs. It is important to recognize the differences in Native cultures. Although they formed different nations and developed different ways of life, their cultures. It would be like saying Americans are just like Canadaians or Jamaicans are like Trinidadians or Indians are like Sri Lankans Native Culture: traditions, customs, and history were passed down orally
elders were well respected and held important roles in society
children learned by watching and helping adults
most Native cultures focused less on individual gain and more on group success
wealth usually meant good health, good friends, and well being. Possessions were not the measure of one's success
Some tribes were matrilineal: they traced their relationships through their mother
other tribes were patrilineal: they traced their relationships through their father John Cabot Thor: Norse god In the Beginning Exploration Leaf Erikson explored the new land he called Vinland. This was part of what is now North America. Over the next 500 years, Portuguese, Spanish, French, Basque, and English ships came to the rich fishing grounds of North America. During the late 1400s many explorers from European countries began searching for new water routes to the Spice Lands of the Far East(India and China) in order to obtain goods such as silks and spices, and to find out more about the world. 1450 to 1600 was considered the "age of exploration" in Europe. New ideas, combined with improved methods of building sailing ships, allowed mariners to sail on longer voyages of exploration. Mercantilism:
An economic theory that called for a country to accumulate wealth in gold and silver. This was done in part, by developing colonies as sources of raw materials and markets for finished goods. Mercantilism was a major reason behind exploration and "colonization" of the world. Kings and Queens of Europe encouraged overseas exploration , the establishment of colonies and trade, and missionary efforts among the First People. Explorers would plant a huge cross and or flag of their home country into the earth of the land being claimed. What is colonization?
Mercantilism and colonization are closely related.
Colonization refers to one country bringing another separate region under its direct control. These new settlements were expected to develop the region's resources and supply the European country with inexpensive raw materials or products. Raw materials were shipped to the European countries to be manufactured into goods. Manufactured goods were shipped back to the colony to be sold at a higher price. This is why colonies were such an important part of mercantilism Rush for Newfoundland. England's John Guy was the first to attempt a permanet settlement there.
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