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Rhythm and Meter

By Ardhys, Jody, Rita and Sal
by

Rita Cinquemani

on 24 September 2013

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Transcript of Rhythm and Meter

Rhythm
By Ardhys DeLeon, Jody Yip, Rita Cinquemani and Sal Pitino
and
Meter
A Poetry Tutorial
In poems...
readers often use scansion.
If that was confusing,
don't worry,
this tutorial will teach you the basics of....
In poetry, rhythm is a beat or a pattern of sounds in a verse.
This pattern is created with the use stressed and unstressed syllables
Stressed Syllables: a stressed syllable is a syllable that uses more emphasis and is said in a higher tone.
Examples of stressed syllables are...
export, happy, and you.
Scansion is looking through the poem for rhythms, by dividing the lines into the units of meters, which is feet, and figuring out the stressed and unstressed pattern in each line of the poem.
Stressed Syllables are represented by the symbol...
Unstressed Syllables: a unstressed syllable is a syllable that uses less emphasis and is said in a lower tone.
In poetry, meter is the rhythmic pattern that is composed of syllables. It functions as a relation to the subject of the poem and gives importance to the quality of the words.
Unstressed Syllables are represented by the symbol...
Examples of unstressed words are...
to, the and of.
Examples of Meters

The words that are in a different color are the stressed syllables.

Example of an
iambic pentameter
:
That
time
| of
year
| thou
mayst
| in
me
| be
hold
This is a pentameter because the pattern repeats five times.

Example of a
trochaic tetrameter
:
Tell
me |
not
in |
mourn
ful |
num
bers
This is a tetrameter because the pattern repeats five times.

Example of an
anapestic trimeter
:
And the
sound
| of a
voice
| that is
still
This is a trimester because the pattern repeats three times.

Examples of a
dactylic hexameter
:
This
is the |
for
est pri |
me
val, the |
mur
muring |
pine
and the |
hem
locks
This is a hexameter because the pattern repeats six times.

Tying it together....
In poetry:
Let’s look at the first stanza from the poem, Because I Could Not Stop For Death, by Emily Dickinson
“Because I could not stop for Death,
He kindly stopped for me;
The carriage held but just ourselves
And Immortality.”
Let’s look at the poem, My papa's Waltz by Theodore Roethke

We romped until the pans
Slid from the kitchen shelf;
My mother's countenance
Could not unfrown itself.

Let’s begin by highlighting all the stressed syllables.
We
romped
| un
til
| the
pans
Slid
from
| the
kit
| chen
shelf
;
My
mo
| ther's
coun
| te
nance
Could
not
| un
frown
| it
self.

Do we notice a pattern?
Every other syllable is stressed, with three stresses per a line.
As a result, this poem is an example of an
iambic trimeter
.

Let’s re-look at the entire stanza
.

Because I could not stop for Death,
He kindly stopped for me;
The carriage held but just ourselves
And Immortality.
All the underlined syllables are stressed.
Why does it matter?
Shockingly, rhythm is not only found in poetry. In reality, it is in everything we write, read and say. It’s no scientific fact that humans have emotions and passion. As a result, we naturally emphasize words and create this rhythm in our speaking and writing.
The iambic pentameter follows the rhythm of "da DUM" (unstressed then stressed syllables) five times for each line.





In this example "That wrens make prey where eagles dare not perch the lady doth protest a bit too much," each other word is stressed as it follows the pattern.

In export, the Ex is naturally stressed. In happy, the Hap is naturally stressed. In the word you, the entire word is stressed.
All of these words are usually syllables that have less emphasis and are passed over during reading or speaking.
Example:
Now lets look at two words in terms of shoes...
Let's look at an example in terms of shoes..
This is demonstrated by the shoes which begins with a ballet slipper and then goes on to a boot and so on.
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