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Moroccan culture, food, and economics

Taylor Sturgess

on 18 October 2012

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Transcript of Morocco

Morocco Introduction Description of Food Habits Evaluation of Food Habits Application to
Nutrition Programs Religious
Considerations General Consideration Brief History: Unique aspects: Economics: Education &Literacy: Geography Politics Traditional health beliefs: Communication Official Language: Arabic

Business/Govt. Language: French

Other Languages: Berber (Tamazight, Tachieihit) ومن يوم جمي Core: Flavor Principle Meal Patterns Food for Health Preparation Methods Food Preservation Methods Dining Etiquette Morocco Major Health Problems Food Habits to be Observed Moroccans coming to America References Tajine Harira Cross-Cultural Etiquette Secondary: Couscous Light Breakfast

Large Lunch

Smaller Dinner Shops Close typically 1-3 pm Usually later 9pm Unusual Food Habits American
Original Settlers
Introduced Islam in 702
Byzantines, Romans, Vandals, Phoenicians, and Carthaginians Recent History 1800's Europeans gained interest in Morocco

1912 Treaty of Fez

1920's Berber Rebellion

1956 Gained Independence

1956-1999 Political Turmoil

1999-2012 Mohammed VI ibn al-Hassan Morocco has been influenced by many cultures Borders Algeria
Western Sahara
North Atlantic Ocean
Mediterranean Sea Size 446,550 sq Km Land 19% arable land
Interior/ Northern Coast-Mountainous with large areas of bordering plateaus, intermontane valleys, and rich coastal plains Constitutional Monarchy
Chief of State: King Mohammed IV
Head of Government: Abdeliah Benkirane
National Initiative for Human Development
Bicameral Parliament
Chamber of Counselors
Chamber of Representative
Open Market-Orientated Economy
Key sectors
2006 Morocco became the only Africa country to be in a bilateral free trade agreement with the United States Required by law to complete 9 yrs of schooling
Literacy Rate
Total population: 56.1%
Male: 68.9%
Female: 43.9% Nutrition Professional should dress appropriately
Gender differences
Avoid suggesting Haraam
Ramadan (fasting period) Bread -Khubz
Olive/Argan oils
Seasonal fruits and nuts Vegetables Meat/Poultry Bread, olive oil, tea, and Crepes Salad, soup and/or couscous, fruit and tea Leftovers or soup Saffron
Sea Salt Spices Herbs Louisa

Marjolane Sit around low table
Women serves foods
Washing of hands
Right hand only
Communal bowl
Should not turn down food
Tea etiquette
Bones in tajine Lamb head
Bread dropped on the floor
No waste Nutrition Deficiencies Women's roles in preparation


Mint Tea

Argan oil Stone circles, are present in Morocco and show the influence of Europe
University of Fes claims to be the oldest in the world founded in 859 AD
It used to be unlawful to sell a date tree because of the importance to the family
Morocco is a major non-NATO ally of the United States
Flag's meaning Most believe in Western Health Care
Certain cultural differences that need to be taken into consideration
Other Moroccans especially in rural areas believe in sorcery
Use home remedies to cure disease
Spices such as cayenne pepper, argon oil, ginger, and saffron are used Language
Greetings are different in Morocco
Avoid being blunt/abrasive Palatability
Main spices used Unhygienic storage and transportation of foods
No preventive actions
Unsanitary conditions in food markets (souks) 1980: First Dietary Guideline Published
1992: Launch of the First Food Pyramid
2011: Food Pyramid replace by MyPlate "Countries and Their Cultures." Culture of The United Kingdom of Morocco. N.p., n.d.
Web. 12 Oct. 2012.

Cree, Anthony, Andrew Kay, and June Steward. "The Economic and Social Cost of Illiteracy: A Snapshot of Illiteracy in Global Context." World Literacy Foundation. World
Literacy Foundation, n.d. Web.

"Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010." Health.gov. U.S. Department of Health and
Human Services, n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2012.

"Facts About Morocco." Lifestyle Lounge. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2012.

Festa, Jessica. "Holistic Culture: Berber Remedies In Morocco." Gadling. N.p., 15 Sept.
2012. Web. 12 Oct. 2012.

"Greetings." Morocco. Culture Crossing, n.d. Web.

"International Dinning Etiquette Morocco." Etiquette Scholar. Ed. Mike Lininger. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2012.

Kittler, Pamela Goyan, and Kathryn Sucher. "People of the Balkans and the Middle East." Food and Culture. Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth, 2004. 426. Print.

"Morocco Economic Structure." Economy Watch. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2012.

"Moroccan Flag." Flags and Nations of the World Index. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Oct. 2012.

"Morocco." The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012.

"Morocco: Nutrition at a Glance." The World Bank, n.d. Web.

"Nutrition Country Profiles: Morocco Summary." Nutrition and Consumer Protection.
Agriculture and Consumer Protection Department, n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2012. Based on Mediterranean diet
consume large amounts of cereals, fruits and vegetables
diverse diet in urban and high-income households Similarities in
American & Moroccan Diets Food Pyramids Comparing Diets Lowest Level
Carbohydrates Fruits & Vegetables **Both Countries have a high intake of fats, carbohydrates and sugars** Moroccan's Daily food intake *Note that iodine is not on report* Iodine deficiency in early 1990s
Vitamin A deficiency in late 1990's
Night blindness, color blindness
Iron deficiency
Results in anemia Obesity Rates 40% women are overweight or obese
poor public health care systems
rapid urbanization Increase protein intake of fish, poultry, and meat
Increase availability of iodized salts
Increase in foods such as carrots, spinach, mango, tomato juice, cantaloupe etc. Decrease amount of carbohydrates, sugars, and fats
Continue eating same amounts of fruits and vegetables Expect changes in diet Core foods
Secondary foods
Increase in fat intake
Temptation during Ramadan
Full transcript