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Chapter 3

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Incarnation Catholic

on 4 September 2014

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Transcript of Chapter 3

In England the Puritans who controlled Parliament were engaged in a struggle for power against King Charles I. In 1642 a civil war begin. The Puritans have defeated King Charles I and have him beheaded. A new government was established with Cromwell as Protector. During these years of unrest, many Puritans left New England and returned to England to fight with Parliament's forces. After the war ended, English men and women loyal to the king went to royal colonies like Virginia. After Cromwell died in 1658, Parliament brought back the monarchy,but placed new limits on the ruler's powers. Charles II, son of Charles I, became the monarchy had been restored. King Charles II gave the colony to his brother, the Duke of York, who name one of the colony, New York. New York was a proprietary colony, a colony in which the owner, or proprietor, owned all the land and controlled the government . It differed from the New England colonies where voters elected the governor and an assembly. The Duke of York gave the southern part of his colony, between the Hudson and Delaware Rivers, to Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret. The proprietors named their colony New Jersey after the island of Jersey in the English Channel, where Carteret was born. In 1680, William Penn, a wealthy English gentleman,presented to King Charles. Penn's father had once lent the king a great deal of money. Penn had inherited the king's promise to repay the loan. Instead of money, however, Penn asked for land in America. Pleased to get rid of his debt so easily, the king gave Penn a tract of land stretched inland from the Delaware River. The new colony, named Pennsylvania, was nearly as large as England.
Section 4
Be 1660, while tabacco prices fell, large plantations continued to prosper because they were better able to maintain high profits than were small farms. Along with the growth of plantations, there was an increasing need for workers in the newly settled Southern Colonies. Establishing colonies in North America involved a great deal of work. The settlers had to clear the land, construct homes and churches, plant crops, and tend the Fields. As the colonies expanded, the demand for capable workers grew. Maryland arose from the dreams of Sir George Calvert, Lord Baltimore, a Catholic Calvert wanted to establish a safe place for his fellow Catholics, who were being persecuted in England. He also hoped that a colony would bring him a fortunes. Calvert's dream came true in 1632 when King Charles I gave him a proprietary colony north of Virginia. Calvert died before receiving the grant. His son Cecilius Calvert inherited the colony. It was named Maryland. For years the Calvert family and the Penn family argued over the boundary between Maryland and Pennsylvania. In the 1760s they hired 2 British astronomers, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, to map the line dividing the colonies. In 1663 King Charles II creates a large proprietary colony south of Virginia. The colony was called Carolina, which means" Charles's land" in latin. The kinggave the colony to a group of eight prominent members of his court who had helped him regain hi throne.
Section 4 cond't
Section 1
Spain and England were enemies because England was Protestant and Spain was Catholic.This eventually leads to war. Spain fell and other colonies were able to explore America. The lost colonies of Roanoke is very important as well. In 1585 Raleigh sent about 100 explorers to settle Roanoke and they came back with promising results. After a difficult winter the colonists of Roanoke Island returned to England. In 1587 Raleigh tried again sending a larger number of people. Years later a man returned and found no remains of The Roanoke Colonists.
Unlike the Jamestown settlers, the next wave of colonists would arrive in search of religious freedom. These colonist were persecuted or treated harshly because King Henry VIII broke away from the Roman Catholic Church and formed the Angelican Church. That the reason why England is a protestant country. Those who wanted to leave and set up their own churches were known as Separatists. The Separatists in the Netherlands made an arrangement with the Virginia Company . The Separatists could settle in Virginia and practice their religion freely. In return they would give the company a share of any profits they made.
The Separatists considere themselves Pilgrims because their journey had a religious purpose. Only 35 of the 102 passengers who boarded the Mayflower in September 1620 were Pilgrims. The other was called"strangers." Because Pilgrim beliefs shaped life in the Plymouth colony, however all the early settlers are usually called Pilgrims.
Chapter 3
This chapter is about Colonial America. This took place around 1587-1770. This chapter talk about how america started with the 13 colonies and its religions.
Section 1- Early English Settlements
Section 2- New England Colonies
Section 3- Middle Colonies
Section 4 Southern Colonies
Social Studies
By Alex, Steven,
Chase, Savannah,

Section 1 cont'd
Although the Virginians did not find gold or silver they found good fertile soil for tobacco. The colony of Virginia prospered from the crop. This made more people want to come to the Virginia colony and it grew bigger and bigger. In Jamestown they lived under strict rules from the Virginia company in England. So ten towns in the colony sent two representatives, called bergesses , to assemble. They made local law. In 1619 they had their first meeting. In 1916 The Virginia Company sent 90 women to Jamestown and this started families. This was the very beginning of Jamestown
In 1625 the English throne passed to Charles I. Charles objected to the Puritans' calls for reforms in the Anglican Church, persecution of Puritans increased again. Some Puritans looked for a way to leave again. Some Puritans looked for a way to leave England. Many Puritans move to the new world to start a new religion. The puritans came to America to put their religious beliefs into practice. The puritans had little tolerations-they criticized or persecuted people who held other religious views.
Georgia, the last of the British colonies in America to ne established, was founded in 1733. A group led by General James Oglethorpe received a charter to create a colony where English debtors and poor people could make a fresh starts. Georgia is a barrier between Florida and The thirteen colonies. Florida was capture from Spain and they use it to attack the British. In other places, french explorer start traveling on the Mississippi River and the spanish start exploring the west.
Section 2
Section 2 cont'd
Section 3
Now we know what happen to America before the Revolutionary War and before the Declaration of Independent.
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