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BIBL 102 (Sp '15) T22 - Revelation

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by

Hartmut Scherer

on 1 April 2015

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Transcript of BIBL 102 (Sp '15) T22 - Revelation

Introduction
(Adapted from Zondervan Academic Resources for "Grasping God's Word)
In this “final chapter” of the Bible, God pulls back the curtain to give his people a glimpse of his plans for human history—plans that center around Jesus.
Revelation
Historical Context
Emperor Domitian (A.D. 81-96)
What is the purpose of Revelation?
Readers enter the symbolic world created by the images of Revelation to get a
heavenly perspective
on their own world.
Interpreting Revelation
Traditional approaches:
Idealist
Eclectic
Combines strengths of others, i.e. the traditional approaches
Guidelines for reading Revelation:
Try to discover the message to the original readers
Pay attention when John identifies an image
Conclusion
A prophetic-apocalyptic letter …
God Wins!
http://issacharministry.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2005/04/stars-night.jpg
"Caesar is Lord"
OR
"Jesus is Lord"
Revelation uses prophetic counter-images to answer the question: “Who is Lord?”
Main message: “God will win!”
Read with humility
Don’t try to detect a strict chronological map of future events
Take Revelation seriously, but don’t always take it literally
Above all, focus on the main idea and don’t press all the details
Look to the OT and historical-cultural context when interpreting images and symbols
And in the end …
Revelation gives us the heavenly perspective we need to overcome
Revelation answers the question: “Who is Lord?”
To comfort the suffering and warn the complacent
Using powerful picture language …
Your initial response to reading Revelation?
“revelation of Jesus Christ” (Rev. 1:1)
“revelation” – unveiling or open display
of Jesus Christ” – both about Jesus and from Jesus
Persecution of Christians is becoming more intense and widespread.
But some Christians are turning away from Christ and compromising with the world system.
The double-edged message:
“Apocalyptic”
Central theme:
overcoming
Revelation 2-3
Promise to those who “overcome” at end of the seven messages in chapters 2-3
Revelation 12:11
Believers “overcame him [Satan] by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony; they did not love their lives so much as to shrink from death”
Revelation 21:7
“He who overcomes will inherit all this, and I will be his God and he will be my son”
A letter
A
prophetic
letter
An “unsealed” or open book (22:10)
"Blessed is the one who reads the words of this
prophecy
, and blessed are those who hear it and take to heart what is written in it, because the time is near.” Revelation 1:3
(1:3; 22:6-7, 10, 18-19)
A prophetic-
apocalyptic
letter
“The revelation [
apocalypsis
] of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants what must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John. Revelation 1:1
Literary genre?
Opens and closes like a NT letter
(1:4-5; 22:21)
Whole book is a letter
Revelation is situational
Includes both
prediction
and
proclamation
Revelation is not just about the future;
- Literature in which God promises to intervene in human
history to overthrow evil and establish his kingdom
- Intensified form of Hebrew prophecy written during a
time of crisis
- Abundance of strange and bizarre images
(picture language)
- Ezekiel, Daniel, Zechariah in the OT
Preterist
Historicist
Futurist
Full transcript