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Transcript of 7. Referencing
How to avoid plagiarism... It's about mentality.
CA Final Project
Don’t even think of copying other’s work. Set in your mind that you need to acknowledge things/info/ideas that you get from others.
Learn and master the correct citation and referencing styles.
If unsure, consult your lecturers or make use of the manual/guide.
Why is it important to cite 'authority'?
Demonstrates the body of knowledge on which you based your argument
Enables others to trace your sources and lead them on to further information
How can you identify relevant sources?
Is it written by and for faculty, researchers or scholars?
Is the language of article appropriate? Include full citations for sources?
Has it been refereed or peer reviewed by specialists before publication?
Is it really plagiarism if you...?
Copy and paste a paragraph of text from a web site without enclosing it in quotation marks and referencing the source?
Use the ideas of another author without providing a reference, even if you write them in your own words?
Copy a diagram or data table from a web site, providing a reference for the source underneath?
Copy words from a book into your own work, but place quotation marks around them and provide a citation?
Include a fact or saying in your assignment which is generally known without providing a reference?
Incorporate text from another source, changing one or two words and providing a citation?
are used to acknowledge an external source in your text (essays/articles). To tell readers it is not your ideas. Use quotations or paraphrase
: A list of all the sources that have been mentioned or cited in your text (at end).
: A set of standardised styles prepared by an institution (i.e. Harvard)
Key terms: which is which?
“The killer is with few exceptions recognizably human and distinctly male; his fury is unmistakably sexual in both roots and expression; his victims are mostly women, often sexually free and always young and beautiful ones.” - Carol Clover,
Gender in the Slasher Film
More Tips on Good Quotation Practice
Want to paraphrase instead?
Why paraphrase: to express the meaning of (something written or spoken) using different words, especially to achieve greater clarity. Two ways of doing this:
Appendices: Supplementary Material
Production Schedule, Call Sheets, Storyboards, Location Permits, Casting Calls, Production Design Plans, Script, Script Breakdown, Floor Plans, and so on.
You are not alone...
Using the Harvard Style
Citing one author
: (McCollum, 2017) or McCollum (2017) states...
Citing 2-3 authors
: (Armstrong, Ayton and Carson, 2018)
Citing 4+ authors
: use ‘et al.’ after first author’s name (Kelly, et al. 2017)
Citing same author, same year
: add a letter (Magowan, 2008a; Magowan, 2008b)
Cite chapter written by different author
: chapter author should be cited
Need to cite a website or web-based article?
Cite an Film / Film Still or Image
Film (in text)
: mention the film in the text and cite the filmmaker and date: i.e. this scene from David Lynch's
(2001) depicts ...
: Lynch, David.
(2001): Universal Pictures, USA.
Film Still or Image:
number and label with captions. Captions should be very simple and descriptive and be followed by an in-text citation and reference.
You'll need the following information: author name, article title, publisher, date, date accessed and URL.
How to write a strong reference list...
This is a list of all the sources that have been cited in the essay:
The list is inclusive showing books, journals, etc., listed in one list, not in separate lists according to source type
The list should be in alphabetical order by author / editor
Books, paper or electronic journal articles, etc., are different
Used more than one piece of work by the same author? you should list the works beginning with the most recent
So, how is the bibliography different again?
There may be items which you have consulted, but not cited.
These can be listed at the end of your essay in a ‘bibliography’
These items should be listed in alphabetical order by author and laid out in the same way as your reference list
Cited from every work you consulted? No need for bibliography
If you wish to show to your reader (or examiner) the unused research you carried out, the bib will show your extra effort
Deadline: 14th May
Academic dishonesty: the theft or stealing of ideas and other forms of intellectual property.
When a short quote is used (less than two lines), you must use quotation marks “…”, and also mention the author, date and page number of the source within the text.
Murch (2001, p.26) suggests that film editors should take more time to consider what effect each cut point will have on the audience,
Quotes longer than 2 lines: a separate indented paragraph
When long quotation is used, there are no quotation marks
Clover (1987, p.187) notes that the killer in the American Slasher film is most often “recognizably human and distinctly male.”
Tips on Good Quotation Practice
Your job is partly to anticipate, partly to control the thought processes of the audience... to give them what they want and/or what they need just before they have to ask for it—to be surprising yet self-evident at the same time.
Author-Focus (author, year stated first)
Adams (2012) stated that the Irish love to sleep in class.
Info-Focus (author, year stated later)
Irish students love to sleep in class (Adams, 2012).
: includes the details of all resources you have quoted or paraphrased in your essay.
: includes details of all the resources you used to produce your paper - including those you did not quote or paraphrase.
The same rule applies when sighting your own work.
Feel free to attach information that is NOT ESSENTIAL to explain your findings...